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11 terms

29.1

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GI bill of rights
bill that provided pensions and gov't loans to help veterans start businesses, buy homes, buy farms, and go to college; helped the economy stay strong
employment act
act passed by congress to ensure postwar economic growth; committed the gov't to promoting full employment and production (trying to employ as many americans as possible)
council of economic advisers
group established by congress to ensure postwar economic growth; confers w/the president on economic policy
taft-hartley act
law passed by the republican-controlled congress to reduce the strength of organized labor; gave judges the power to end some strikes and outlawed closed-shop (closed to those outside the union) agreements; bad for unions; restricted unions' political contributions and required union officers to swear that they were not communists; truman vetoed but congress overrode
committee on civil rights
group created by truman to examine racial issues; reported widespread civil rights abuses including discrimination and an increase in racial violence; CALLED FOR AN END TO RACIAL SEGREGATION IN INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION; truman ISSUED EXECUTIVE ORDERS BANNING RACIAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE MILITARY AND IN FEDERAL HIRING
dixiecrats
party formed by southern delegates who didn't want strong civil rights like the rest of the democrats; the states' rights party; CALLED FOR CONTINUED RACIAL SEGREGATION
j. strom thurmond
SC governor who was nominated to be the dixiecrats' presidential candidate in the 1948 election
henry wallace
former VP who was troubled by truman's antilabor actions; he and other liberal new dealers left the democratic party to found a new progressive party which called for an extension of the new deal and improved relations w/the soviets
thomas dewey
republican presidential candidate in 1948 against thurmond and truman
fair deal
truman's continuing FDR's new deal reforms after he won in 1948; series of new reforms: full employment, higher min. wage, national health insurance program, construction of affordable housing, increased aid to farmers, and the expansion of welfare benefits to more people; was opposed by most republicans and some democrats but he still pushed through some reforms=>social security benefits were extended, min. wage improved, and slums were gotten rid of; overall had limited success b/c americans had become less enthusiastic about reform programs that would further expand the gov't-->just wanted peace, stability, and gradual prosperity after the upheavals of recent years
civil rights
important issue in 1948 election campaign