What is Religion PT. 1-A

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Who is Dr Dale TuggyA Professor of philosophy that teaches at Fredonia State University located in Fredonia, NYWhat are the Seven Classic Theories of Religion1. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) German Protestant (Reformed Church) Pastor 2. Rudolph Otto (1869-1937) German Protestant (Lutheran) Pastor 3. William James (1842-1910) American Philosopher (Psychology) 4. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) French Sociologist 5. Max Weber (1864-1920) German Scholar-law/economics-helped found sociology 6. Victor Turner (1920-1983) British Anthropologist 7. Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) Amarican AnthropologistWhat was the 17th century referred as?The Age of reason! (Enlightenment)What was the big highlight/what happened during the 17th century.The rescue of religion from "supernatural / mystical"During the 17th century the authorities and Immanuel Kant believed that they could do what?Dispense with religious authority, religious ritual, belief in miracles and the "supernatural" pr "spiritual" realm, and traditional doctrines.Immanuel Kant believed that Christianity and Judaism could be preserved if?The masses understood the religions to merely be a system of ethical teachings.What piece of literature did Thomas Jefferson curate?The BibleAs a result of Thomas Jefferson's curation of the Bible. What piece of literature did Thomas Jefferson write and what was it named?A novel known as: The Jefferson Bible (The life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth)Amongst Intellectuals during the 17th century, what was a widespread approach to the Bible?Diamonds and Dunghill.... Accepting fractions of the bible as fact and others as false, Hence Enlightenment thinkingWhat major shift took place during the 19th century?There was a reaction against enlightenment thinking and against enlightenment views of religion.What impact did Romanticism have upon enlightenment thinking?People perceived the thought process as too cold, heady, intellectual, and lifeless.How did the Romanticism state of mind influence the masses?People emphasized feeling, imagination, and nature.What does the key Motif known as Human Autonomy birthed via Romanticism represent?One should be their own person and in control of their own life, By not allowing anyone to tell you what to think or do/What 3 individuals brought renewed attention to religion? (3 individuals aka "The 19th Trio)1. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) 2. Rudolph Otto (1869-1937) 3. William James (1842-1910)What made The 19th Trio rather unique?They perceived religion as a human phenomenon and as something that can be observedAs a result of The 19th Century Trio's progressive thinking. What new sciences emerged?Anthropology, Psychology, & Sociology