The Gross Clinic by Thomas Eakins 1875
Terms in this set (73)
When was Thomas Eakins born?
did many paintings of
Where was Thomas Eakins born?
Dr SamuelD Gross
well known Philadelphia surgeon
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and Jefferson Medical College
Where did Thomas Eakins study at after high school, and where did he study anatomy? (2)
patient thought to be
When did Thomas Eakins die
Leon Bonna and Diego Velazquez
Who did Eakins study with? (2)
When did Eakins begin living in Paris
Where did Eakins begin living in in 1866
Who did Eakins study under in Paris in 1866? (1)
mom, Gross and patient
(The) Human Body
Eakins was particularly interested in how _________ functioned and moved through space
Dissection Room and Photography Room
Eakins was led to these two places because of his interest in the human body
embodies detached rationalism
Eakins boycotted class when the group drew from _________ rather than life
Sketching in the audience
Eakins inserts himself
scadalously used a
nude in his PAFA class
Eakins believed that drawing from ___________ was the most important thing
Intellect and Physical Skill
Eakins best known paintings generally feature men who combine __________ and ___________
In The Champion Single Sculls (Max Schmitt in a Single Scull) the athlete is depicted doing what sport?
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicholaes Tulp
When did Eakins paint The Champion Single Sculls (Max Schmitt in a Single Scull)
directness and dramatic spotlighting
The Champion Single Sculls (Max Schmitt in a Single Scull)
Painting done by Eakins to commemorate Max Schmitt in a race on the Schuylkill River in October 1870
What dominates the foreground in The Champion Single Sculls?
size contributes to
What is in the background of The Champion Single Sculls?
enlightenment brought by scientific and medical discoveries
In the late nineteenth century, __________ was seen as a way to stave off the effects of industrialization?
light on dr Gross's head and hand symbolize
mental and physical aspects of the work
(A) Puff of smoke
What was used to indicate a factory in The Champion Single Sculls
scapel is a metaphor for a
Who is depicted in The Champion Single Sculls to make a link between sculling and painting as demanding pursuits?
From who did Eakins develop his own version of motion photography?
Eakins believed that _________ was key to education future American artists?
(Male Model's) loincloth
What did Eakins remove that ultimately got him fired from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts?
When did Eakins teach at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts?
When did Eakins take a break from his paintings, and as a result, begin painting other subjects?
How many physicians are present in The Gross Clinic?
What is the patient suffering from in The Gross Clinic?
What is the patient's gender and age category thought to be in The Gross Clinic?
Left (of the scene)
Where is the mother positioned in The Gross Clinic?
(she) curls her fingers and turns away (from the scene
How does the mother in The Gross Clinic dramatize the pain of witnessing the operation?
(the) mother, (the) patient, (and) Dr. Gross)
Between which three figures is there a triangulation in The Gross Clinic?
What category of disease does osteomyelitis belong to?
What does the mother embody in The Gross Clinic?
What does Dr. Gross embody in The Gross Clinic?
Is Eakins present in The Gross Clinic?
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp
What other painting in the art packet by Rembrandt preceded The Gross Clinic?
Eight Feet by Six and a Half (Height and Width)
What are the dimensions of The Gross Clinic? (Height and Width)
Eakins compresses the ____ _____ in order to bring the audience closer to the action in The Gross Clinic
What is, much like Rembrandt, used for dramatic purposes and symbolizes enlightenment in The Gross Clinic?
What direction of light falls on Dr. Gross, illuminating the doctor's forehead and hand and then shining on the thigh and butt of the patient in The Gross Clinic?
Dr. Gross is painted holding a scalpel like a ______ to connect Eakins profession and Dr. Gross' in The Gross Clinic
30 (years old)
How old was Eakins when he began painting The Gross Clinic, hoping to exhibit it at the 1876 Centennial Philadelphia exhibition?
Centennial's medical exhibition
The Gross Clinic was exhibited here because it was too graphic for the art galleries, and even then was exhibited alongside medical texts and displays.
Jefferson Medical College
What college purchased The Gross Clinic and placed it in New York as part of the Society of American Artists exhibition?
When was the Society of American Artists exhibition?
The type of surgery advocated by Dr. Gross, where infection, instead of the limb, was removed in the case of osteomyelitis
Surgical training where students work with surgeons
Surgical training where students worked at clinics
Who was portrayed 14 years after The Gross Clinic performing a mastectomy at the University of Pennsylvania's Medical Department in honor of his retirement?
Who discovered antiseptic?
What caused the change of Agnew being depicted in clean white gowns, sterilized instruments, covered cases and a nurse, contrasting Dr. Gross performing surgery in street clothes?
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