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Practice AP Psych Exam
Terms in this set (40)
Which method best limits the influence of unknown variables in an experiment?
Marissa is a good tennis player whose performance seems to improve as the crowd watching her gets larger. The best explanation for this phenomenon is:
Dr. Lee is interested in the effect of lighting on people's ability to concentrate. Dr. Lee studies this by manipulating the amount of lighting while participants read and then measuring their scores on a reading comprehension test. Group 1 receives dim light, and group 2 receives bright light. Which of the following research methods is Dr. Lee using?
Psychodynamic therapy has its roots in the theories of:
Which of the following is an example of a compulsion?
Checking the doors twenty times before going to bed
Samuel became ill after eating pepperoni pizza and refuses to eat it now. However, he still enjoys plain pizza. Samuel's eating behavior illustrates:
According to social psychologists, which of the following characteristics makes two people LEAST likely to develop a lasting romantic relationship?
Having very different personalities
Which of the following describes the correct order of information processing in vision?
Rods and cones→bipolar cells→ganglion cells→optic nerve
In an experiment, either a sad video or a happy video was shown to participants to influence their moods. The participants were then asked to memorize a list of words. Later, the participants were again shown either the same video they had seen before memorizing the words or they were shown the other video, and they were then asked to recall the words they had memorized previously. The results of the experiment, summarized in the chart above, best illustrate which psychological concept?
The brain's ability to adapt after it is damaged is known as:
Which of the following measures can be precisely located on the graph of a skewed distribution without doing any calculations?
Bailey and Marcus packed everything they thought they would need for a weekend camping trip. When it rained and they realized they had not brought rain gear, Bailey said, "I knew we should have packed raincoats!" Bailey's thinking illustrates which of the following concepts?
Using a mathematical formula to find the solution to a problem is an example of:
It is important for researchers to use precise operational definitions when:
They want to be able to replicate the experiment
The utterance "likes dog my swim to" does not sound correct because it violates the rules of
Which of the following treatments would reduce a drinker's dependence on alcohol by changing the positive effect of alcohol to a negative one?
Damage to Wernicke's area is most likely to be associated with difficulty in
According to the diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia, which of the following is true of a person with a genetic predisposition for developing schizophrenia?
The person has an increased likelihood of developing the disorder during a period of major life changes.
Nick is smiling even though he does not feel happy. After a short time he feels happier. The best explanation for Nick's change in mood is
Children of authoritative parents tend to be
Sheila has a favorite book that she enjoys so much she has read it several times. This book is now assigned in her literature class, and students receive gift certificates for each chapter they read. As the class progresses through the book, Sheila finds she enjoys it less. This illustrates:
Which of the following are involved in regulating circadian rhythms?
Medulla, thalamus, pituitary gland
Which of the following is most likely to be used as evidence against the concept of g ?
A psychologist administered the most recent edition of the Stanford-Binet IQ test to 50 students and their scores are shown in the chart above. How many students earned scores higher than two standard deviations above the mean?
Dr. Norton puts a cat in the room with Karl and prevents Karl from avoiding or escaping the cat until Karl's anxiety naturally dissipates. The treatment is called
Karl may have been reluctant to try therapy to change his fear because he believes that his efforts to change are ineffective. This would indicate that Karl has low
Jorgas struggles with meeting new people. He is very shy and does not approach people at social events. Because of this, people assume he does not want to talk to them and they avoid him, which in turn reinforces Jorgas' anxiety about approaching people. Jorgas' situation illustrates which of the following principles?
Which of the following psychological approaches suggests that jealousy might serve an adaptive function in protecting a sexual relationship from threats?
Which of the following disorders is hypothesized to result most frequently from real-world conditions that are similar to those used in the study?
The fovea has the greatest visual acuity in bright light primarily because the fovea is
Made up of only cones
Karl goes to see Dr. Norton to help him overcome his fear of cats. Karl's fear began in childhood when he petted a cat and someone slammed a door. Every time Karl petted the cat, the door slammed. Now whenever Karl sees a cat, he becomes very anxious. Karl's fear of cats is classified as:
A specific phobia
In the development of Karl's fear of cats, what was the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) ?
The slamming of the door
Which of the following relates most to the lowest level of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
Which of the following scenarios best exemplifies practical intelligence as suggested by Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory?
A club president devises a way to publicize important upcoming events.
Which of the following is NOT a product of learning?
Squinting in bright light
The process of converting incoming physical energy into a neural code that can be processed is called
The type of intelligence that Howard Gardner described as individuals' abilities to understand themselves and to be aware of their talents and limitations is
Janie is successful with word games that require her to create words out of a series of letters. Which of the following combinations most likely contributes to her success?
Linguistic intelligence and heuristics
Steve's cat used to run away from loud music. Over time the cat stopped running away from the sound. Which of the following processes has occurred?
Jack performed well on the most recent math test. When asked why he performed well, Jack said it was because of his high level of ability. Jerry performed poorly on the same test. When asked why, Jerry said that the test was unfair. These attitudes illustrate
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