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Terms in this set (35)
Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Mark Twain's real name
When did Mark Twain rise to fame?
With the publication of his 1865 short story, "Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog." (comic western tale)
Where did Mark Twain grow up?
T/F : MT worked as a steamboat pilot
True (also a Confederate soldier, gold prospector before he started writing)
Publication of Huckleberry Finn
Published in 1884 in England and 1885 in the US as a sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
characteristics of Twain's writing
-balance between romanticism and realism
Ernest Hemingway's opinion of Huck Finn
"All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. Its the best book we've had. There was nothing before. There has been nothing so good since."
Why was the publication of Huckleberry Finn delayed in the US?
The Concord Public Library banned it due to inappropriate images. (a defaced character)
Who is Charles Chesnutt
author of the Goopherd Grapevine.
"first black writer to find a white readership in America"
Charles Chesnutt childhood
- Born free in Cleveland OH
- Moved to Fayetteville NC at the age of 8
- Became a lawyer, scored highest mark on OH bar exam in 1887
When / where was the Goophered Grapevine first published
August of 1887, published in The Atlantic Monthy (a prestigious literary magazine)
What did Charles Chestnut write in his journal about black authors?
The job of the (Negro) is to actively advocate for equality, which can be achieved through literature. Literature can introduce the concept equality to the public and popularize it.
- An artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th Century
- characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions.
- A mode of writing that gives the impression of recording an actual way of life.
- Refers to both a literary method based on detailed accuracy of description (verisimilitude) to a more general attitude that rejects idealization, escapism, and other extravagant quantities of romance in favor of recognizing soberly the actual problems of life.
a kind of parody the ridicules some serious literary work either by treating its solemn subject in an undignified style, or by applying its elevated style to a trivial subject.
- A literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness.
- Derives from latin term satira, meaning "medley" (mix)
- Can include exaggeration, allusion, verisimilitude, metaphor, smilie, slapstick, parody, or reduction.
- a narrator whose account of events appears to be faulty, misleadingly biased, or otherwise distorted
- departs from the "true" understanding events shared between the reader and the author.
- always a sense of irony created by the author
a mocking imitation of the style of a literary work, ridiculing the stylistic habits of an author or school by exaggerated mimicry.
- story with a second distinct meaning partially hidden behind its literal or visible meaning.
- may be conceived as an extended methaphor in which objects and persons with meanings that lie outside of the narrative itself
Local color writing
A kind of fiction that came to prominence in the USA in the late 19th century, and was devoted to capturing the unique customs, manners, speech, folklore, and other qualities of a particular regional community, usually in humorous short stories
(MT and Charles Chesnutt = notable authors)
a regional or society variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially by a variety of speech differing from the standard speech pattern of the culture in which it exists.
a conventional or oversimplified conception, opinion, belief, or image that is not checked against particular cases or facts
a story within a story
a commonly recurring figure in African American folklore who relies on his/her wits and cunning to overcome enemies or escape difficult situations (not always successfully)
wittily condensed expression in prose, or a short poem with a witty turn of thought.
abrupt lapse from growing intensity to triviality in any passage of dramatic narrative or descriptive writing.
- effect of disappointed expectation
an insulting term used to describe verse that arouses false or superficial emotion, assumed feeling, or self regarded postures of grief and pain.
A character whose traits/qualities/actions contrast with a protagonist (or another character) , emphasizing those of the protagonist.
a novel with a picaroon (scoundrel) as the hero.
Usually recounts his/her escapades in a first person narrative marked by episodic structure and low life descriptions
kind of novel that follows development of the hero from childhood into adolescence through a troubled quest for identity.
german for "formation novel"
- a 19th century form of entertainment in America w/ white performers in blackface presenting sterotyped impressions of black American folk culture
- Most popular form of entertainment in 19th cen, Egregiously racist
- Mark Twain loved minstrel shows
How does Twain satirize Pap in the cabin?
- Pap complains about the "govment" , satirizes his level of education, political views, temper, drunkness, ignorance, paternal irresponsibility
- uses exaggeration, irony, slapstick humor
Huck as an unreliable narrator in the circus scene
- "every lady with a lovely complexion... dressed in clothes that cost millions of dollars" -- not really elegant/rich
- "funniest things a body ever said; how he could think of so many of them I couldn't no way understand" --show was scripted
- does not understand that the "drunk" man was a part of the show
- Huck is not amused, he thinks the man is in real danger
Contrast between Tom Sawyer's vision of robbers, and the robbers Huck and Jim encounter on the steamboat
- TS: robbers are ruthless, adventurous, brave, fantasizes idea of robber gangs
-men on steamboat are scary and threatening, drunks, want to kill their partner
Why was the boat names the Walter Scott
sybolized that it wsa going to sink
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