Language, Linguistics, and Rhetoric
Terms in this set (34)
study of sounds of a lg
the analysis of how sounds dunction in a language or dialect
the study of the structure of words
the study of the meaning of lg.
structure of sentences
the study of lg as it relates to society
study of lg as it relates to culture
how people learn lg
variation of a lg used by people who live in a particular geographical area.
supported by institutions, such as government and schools.
the study of history and origins of words.
occurs when there are two or more possible meanings to a word or phrase
refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word
is the literal or primary meaning of a word
is the lg that is intended to be evasive or to conceal. Ex: Downsized means "fired or loss of job"
is a socially accepted word or phrase used to replace unacceptable lg. Ex: My grandmother Passed Away last april.
specialized lg of a particular group or culture.
appeal to authority
is a type of argument in logic which an expert or knowledgeable other is cited for the purpose of strengthening the argument.
appeal to emotion
the author in which the author appeals to the reader's emotion
is the use of contrasting ideas to communicate a message
is a person's choice of words based on their clarity,consciences, effectiveness, and authenticity
is a metaphor used throughout a work or over a series of lines in prose or poetry
ideas placed side by side in order to compare and contrast. Ex: young and old.
something that attracts snobs
fallacy that displays a person as an "average person"
everyone is doing it so should you
famous person testifies that this product is good.
If "A" will happen then "Z" will happen eventually. Ex: If tigers become extinct the entire animal kingdom will be extinct as well.
Uses irrelevant information to divert from original argument.
purposely misinterpret someone's argument to make it easier to attack.
post hoc ergo propter hoc
"X" happened before "Y." Therefore "X" caused "Y." Ex: The roster crowed and the sun rose. Therefore the roster causes the sun to rise.
when a the speaker is attack instead of the argument
an error in reasoning.
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