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African American civil rights
Terms in this set (95)
when was the 'new deal'?
Plessy v. Ferguson
23rd Jan 1964 (ruled that the rights to vote shouldn't be prevented by failure to pay poll tax)
101 airborne division sent to Little Rock
1st civil rights act
Assassination of Kennedy
22nd Nov 1963
April 14, 1865
executive order 8587
March on Washington
Murder of Emmett Till
Jesse Jackson stood as democratic presidential candidate
Jackson's seconds campaign as presidential candidate
Black Panthers formed
Bus boycott in Montgomery
2nd Civil Rights Act
desegregation of armed forces
Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education
Murder of Medgar Evers
12th June 1962
Niagara Movement formed
Marcus Garvey founds the Black Star line
W.E.B. DuBois publishes 'The Souls of Black Folk'
Martin Luther King jr is assassinated
Malcolm X breaks from NOI
'The Birth of a Nation' causes the KKK to reform
Black Panther salute demonstrated at the olympics
KKK forms in Tennessee
Formation of the SCLC by Martin Luther King
End of the civil war
United states vs Harris (1883) ruling
Held that private discrimination did not fall under federal jurisdiction
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) ruling
Separation of Black and white people didn't mean that black people were inferior.
Established the 'separate but equal' principle
Wilkins vs Mississippi (1898) ruling
Discriminatory voter registration laws were not unconstitutional as there was no mention of race in the laws
Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (1971) ruling
Approved plans for enforcing desegregation by busing white children into areas with more black children.
Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education (1954) ruling
Ruled that the segregation of schools was illegal and children should go to the closest school
Alexander vs. Holmes (1969) ruling
Sped up the desegregation of schools
Griggs vs. Duke Power Company (1971) ruling
protected African-Americans from firms who insisted on a diploma for certain jobs
Boynton vs Virginia (1960) ruling
Ruled that segregation on interstate transport was illegal.
This began the freedom rides
Smith vs. Allwright (1944) ruling
Ruled it was unconstitutional to exclude black voters from party primary voting
2 parts of US congress
Senate and House of Representatives
Name the title of the main political figure in each state
When did the civil war end?
April 9, 1865
Which amendment finally freed slaves?
What was the name for former slaves who were allowed to work land in exchange for a big share of what they produced?
Who became president after Lincoln?
Which federal institution was set up in 1865 to help freed slaves?
Freedmen's Bureau (encouraged by Stevens and Summer)
What did the first Reconstruction act of 1867 split the former confederate states into?
5 military districts
From 1867-77 how many Black congressmen were there for each state?
8 for South Carolina
4 for Mississippi
3 for Alabama
1 for Georgia
Who became president after the really important compromise made in 1877?
Rutherford B Hayes
What did the discriminatory measures passed in the south become known as?
Jim Crow laws
Name 3 methods used to stop black men voting
What is the name for the illegal killing of someone by a mob?
In which ruling did the court declare discriminatory voter registration laws were illegal?
Wilkins vs MIssissippi
In what year was the Plessy vs Ferguson ruling?
Which principle did Plessy vs Ferguson put into place?
Separate but equal
in what year was the Brown vs Topeka Board of Education ruling?
Which Supreme court ruling gave rise to the freedom rides in 1961?
Boynton vs Virginia
Which power company was found to have a discriminatory employment policy in 1971?
Which president was a white supremacist?
Woodrow Wilson (1913-21)
Who pressurised Roosevelt into including an anti-discriminatory statement into the CCC?
Oscar de Priest
Who threatened Roosevelt with a 100,000-strong March on Washington if he did not end segregation for soldiers and munition workers.
Which president ended discrimination in the military?
Where did Eisenhower send troops of the 101st airborne?
Little Rock High School
The court that ruled over all the federal states in the USA
One of the major parties.
The party that was pro-slavery
Chief officer for each state
Head of state and head of government
Who became president after Andrew Johnson?
Which ruling in 1883 said the 1875 civil rights act was unconstitutional?
Harris vs US
In which state did Homer Plessy challenge the separate railroad cars?
In _____________________ vs Holmes in 1969 the court said school desegregation needed to be quicker
What does CCC stand for?
Civilian Conservation Corps
How many students were escorted into little rock high school?
Name the black student who was photographed being verbally abused by a white crowd
What did Lyndon Johnson wish to create with his package of reforms?
A great society
In which city did the Watts riots take place?
In what year did the Watts riots occur?
Whose beating by police officers was filmed and led to riots in 1991?
What was the name of Nixon's approach where positive actions were taken to help African-Americans secure jobs and promotions?
In which city did Booker T Washington agree to compromise with white rule?
Which industrialist gave Booker T Washington $600,000 in bonds?
Which organisation was set up by Marcus Garvey?
UNIA (universal negro improvement association)
Which civil rights leader first saw the value of mass peaceful demonstrations?
Who was the police chief of Birmingham, Alabama who treated the peaceful protesters with violence?
In which city were protesters attacked as they tried to cross a bridge?
The mass march on Washington was for jobs and _________?
Who led the Nation of Islam from 1934 to 1975?
Which journey contributed to Malcolm X softening his tactics?
Which general set up the KKK?
Nathan Bedford Forest
What did George Wallace and Orval Faubus have in common?
Where did Martin Luther King write a letter from which gained great publicity?
Who made the comment 'what we need is black power'?
Who formed the Nation of Islam?
Wallace Fard Muhammad
What was a name given to black Americans who cooperated with whites?
Which lawyer successfully fought the Brown vs Topeka board of education ruling?
What institution was set up by Booker T Washington?
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