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Terms in this set (20)
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
5 Pillars of Islam
belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Islamic house of worship
The holy book of Islam
Body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principles to everyday life
Minority. Believe only descendants of Mohammed should be Caliph.
Majority of the Muslims; believe successor of Muhammad can be an elected caliph.
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. Muslim, VERY rich!
region along east coast of Africa, part of Indian Ocean trade route, Islam influenced
A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922.
first caliph after death of Muhammad
First wife of Muhammad and first to convert to Islam.
a follower of the religion of Islam
Four regional Mongol kingdoms that arose following the death of Genghis Khan.
Also known as Temujin; he united the Mongol tribes into an unstoppable fighting force; created largest single land empire in history.
triangular sail that made it possible to sail against the wind; used in the Indian Ocean trade
Suleiman the Magnificent
Great Ottoman leader, expanded land area of Ottomans, and restructured system of law.
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.
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