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30 terms

AP Government Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
Historical periods in which voters cling to the party in power.
Party eras
One of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions.
National Committee
The policy positions stated in party platforms are
Very important because nearly three-fourths of them result in policy action when the party is in power.
Linkage institutions
Translate inputs from the public into outputs from the policymakers.
Loyalty to a political party has __________ over the past 30 years.
Decreased
Voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices.
Ticket splitting
An example of a splinter party would be
George Wallace's American Independents.
The channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the government's policy agenda.
Linkage Institutions
Voters can select from a list of all candidates either Democrats and or Republicans to vote for.
Blanket primary
The chairperson of the party that controls the White House is normally selected by
the President
A group of people seeking to control the government by gaining office.
Political Party
The theory that seeks to explain political processes and outcomes as consequences of purposive behavior is called the
Rational-choice theory
The Depression of the 1930s gave rise to what is called
The New Deal Coalition
A job or promotion that is given for political reasons.
Patronage
According to the "three-headed political giant" model of political parties, the largest component of an American party is the
Party-in-the-electorate.
Only people who have registered in advance with the party can vote for the party's candidates.
Closed primary
Party realignments in the United States
Are rare events in the United States, usually associated with a major national crisis or trauma, in which one party's majority domination is replaced with anothers.
Voters decide on Election Day whether they want to participate in the Democratic or Republican contest.
Open primary
The weakening of party control over American
Is in part due to the increasing influence of the media.
The election of 1896 is considered a watershed
Shifted the party coalition and entrenched the Republicans in power for another generation.
In a winner-take-all system
Unless a party wins, there is no reward for the votes it gets.
Power in the major U.S. political parties is
Fragmented among local, state, and national party organizations.
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
National Convention
A political party organization that relies on patronage to win votes and to govern
Party Machine
An electoral where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is displaced by the minority party.
Critical election
A coalition forged by the Democrats, who dominated American politics from the 1930s to the 1960s.
New deal Coalition
The "responsible party" model holds that parties should
Present clear alternatives to voters.
An electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only to the candidates who come in first in their constituencies.
Winner-take-all system
The displacement of the majority party by the minority party.
Party realignment
A political party is
A team of men and women seeking to control the government by gaining office in elections.