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53 terms

chapter 15 hairstyling

chapter 15 hairstyling
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back brushing
technique used to build a soft cushion or mesh two or more curl patterns together or a uniform and smooth comb out; also called ruffing
back combing
combing small sections of hair from the ends toward the scalp, causing shorter hair to mat at the scalp and form a cushion or base; also called teasing, ratting, matting, or french lacing
barrel curls
pin curls with large center openings, fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base
base
stationary, or nonmoving, foundation of a pin curl, which is the area closest to the scalp; the panel of hair on which a roller is placed
blow dry styling
technique of drying and styling damp hair in a single operation
carved curls
pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head
cascade or stand up curls
pin curls fastened to the head in a standing position to allow the hair to flow upward and then downward
circle
the part of the pin curl that forms a complete circle; also, the hair that is wrapped around the roller
closed center curls
pin curls that produce waves that get smaller toward the end
curl
hair that is wrapped around the roller; also called circle
concentrator
nozzle attachment of a blow dryer; directs the air stream to any section of the hair more intensely
diffuser
blow dryer attachment that causes the hair to flow more softly and helps to accentuate or keep texural definition
double press
technique of passing a hot curling iron through through the hair before performing a hot press
end curls
used to give a finished appearance to hair ends either turned under or over
finger waving
process of shaping and directing the hair into a pattern of "s" shaped waves through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotions
finishing spray
hairspray used to lock in a style after completion
foam or mousse
a light, airy, whipped styling product the resembles shaving foam and builds moderate body and volume into the hair
full base curls
thermal curls that sit in the center of their base; strong curls with full volume
full stem curl
curl placed completely off the base; allows for the greatest mobility
gel
thickened styling preperation that comes in a tube or bottle and has strong hold
hair pressing
method of teporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb
hair spray
a styling product applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position; available in a variety of holding strengths
hair wrapping
a technique used to keep curly hair smooth and straight
half base
position of a curl or a roller one half off its base, giving medium volume and movement
half base curls
thermal curls placed half off their base; strong curls with moderate lift or volume
half stem curl
curl placed half off the base; permits medium movement and gives good control to the hair
hair press
technique that removes 100 percent of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair
indentation
the point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area
liquid gels or texurizers
styling products that are lighter and more viscous or sticky than firm hold gels, used for easy styling, defining, and molding
medium press
technique removing 60 to 75 percent of the curl by applying a thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair using slightly more pressure than in the soft press
no stem curl
curl placed directly on its base; produces a tight, firm, long lasting curl and allows minimum mobility
off base
the position of a curl or a roller completely off its base for maximum mobility and minimum volume
off base curls
thermal curls placed completely off their base; have only slight lift or volume
on base
position of a curl or roller directly on its base for maximum volume; also called full base
open center curls
pin curls that produce even, smooth waves and uniform curls
pomade or wax
styling products that add considerable weight to the hair by causing strands to join together, showing seperation in the hair
ribboning
technique of forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension
ridge curls
pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave
rod
round, solid prong of a thermal iron
shaping
sections of hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls
shell
the clamp that presses the hair against the barrel or rod of a thermal iron
silicone
styling product ingredient that adds gloss and sheen to the hair while creating textural deifnition
skip waves
two rows of ridge curls, usually on the side of the head
soft press
technique of pressing the hair to remove 50 to 60 percent of the curl by applying the thermal pressing comb once on each side of the hair
spiral curl
method of curling the hair by winding a strand around the rod
stem
section of the pin curl between the base and first arc of the circle that gives the circle its direction and movement; the hair between the scalp and the first turn of the roller
straightening gel
styling product applied to damp hair that is wavy, curly, or extremely curly, and then blown dry; relaxes the hair for a smooth, straight look
thermal irons
an implement comprised of a rod handle, barrel or rod, and shell that is made of quality steel used to dry hair using heat
thermal waving and curling
methods of waving and curling straight or pressed hair using thermal irons and special manipulative curling techniques on dry hair
updo
hairstyle in which the hair is arranged up and off the shoulders
volume base curls
thermal curls placed very high on their base; provide maximum lift or volume
volumizer
styling product that adds volume to the shape, especially at the base, when the hair is blow dryed
waving lotion
type of hair gel that makes the hair pliable enough to keep it in place during the finger waving procedure