Upgrade to remove ads
Biochem study guide
Terms in this set (26)
What are the ELEMENTS of carbs?
Hydrogen, Oxygen, Carbon
What are the MONOMERS of carbs?
Monosaccharides: glucose, galactose, fructose
What are the POLYMERS of carbs?
Disaccharides and Polysaccharides
Uses of carbs:
Animals: gives energy
Plants: Cellulose (cell walls)
What are the ELEMENTS of lipids?
Hydrogen, oxygen, carbon
What are the MONOMERS of lipids?
Glycerol and fatty acids
What are the POLYMERS of lipids?
Uses of lipids:
Stores energy, waterproof coverings, hormones, biological membranes
What are the ELEMENTS of nucleic acids?
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus
What are the MONOMERS of nucleic acids?
What are the POLYMERS of nucleic acids?
Uses of nucleic acids:
stores genetic info.
What are the ELEMENTS of protein?
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
What are the MONOMERS of proteins?
What are the POLYMERS of proteins?
Uses of proteins:
Control rate of chemical reactions, regulate cell process, cellular structures, transport molecules, fight disease
What happens during a condensation reaction?
Monomers combine chemically to form a polymer and water.
What happens during a hydrolysis reaction?
Water breaks the chemical bond in polymers to form monomers.
What is a peptide bond?
When two or more amino acids join together in a condensation reaction to make a polypeptide or protein.
What are the 3 groups of amino acids?
R-group, carboxyl group, amino group
What are the 4 types of lipids?
triglycerides, phospholipids, waxes, steroids
What is the difference between unsaturated and saturated fats?
Saturated: 1 bond. From animals. solid.
Unsaturated: 2 bonds. From plants. liquid.
Examples of carbs:
Sugars and bread
How to form a lipid:
double bond between carbon and unsaturated fats
What determines protein?
R-group determines the shape and function of protein. Bonded by a peptide bond through a condensation reaction.
In order for a reaction to occur, the substrate of an enzyme binds to the _________________.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Section 3 - Macromolecules and Enzymes
Organic Compounds Test (Joseph)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Drivers Ed Chapter 4
US and French Revolution
ss renaissance unit
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Handouts: Upper Extremity
Macro study guide
Philosphy Final Schopenhauer