Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Western Civilization Quiz 8
Terms in this set (40)
Concordat of Worms
New Pope and new Emperor come to an agreement that nobleman had to right to make suggestions to the church.
William of Normandy
Reigned from 1066-1087. Was the king of England. Illegitimate son of one of Edward the Confessor's cousins. Won the Battle of Hastings.Commissioned the Doomsday book. Often called William the Baster. Became the 3rd Climate. Brought in French nobles as rewards for his French supporters and built castles.
Began in 1066. HUGE date in English history. The military conquest of England by William, the Duke of Normandy (Battle of Hastings) transformed England by connecting it to continental Europe, especially France, rather than to Scandinavia as before Norman Kings of England introduce administrative reforms that build on old Anglo-Saxan institutions. Gave us modern English.
Viking king of England. Ruled from 1016-1035. Was very aggressive.
Edward the Confessor
Reigned from 1042-1066. Widely perceived as saintly and when he died he body became a shrine in the benedictine Abby known as Westminster. Also when he dies he has no direct air. Last Anglo-Saxon king. Known for his piety.
Earl of Wessex. Leading anglo-saxon. Local English Climate. His family served at court at old king Canute. Crowned himself king. Swears on two reliquaries.
Viking warlord from Norway. Grandson of Canute. Trying to revide a North sea coalition. Tried to unite all the viking lands with the British Isles.
Hugh Capet, the king of France elected in 987 and founding this dynasty. Established the concept of Primo geneter.
Ille de France
Area around Paris.
Battle of Hastings
The decisive battle in which William the Conqueror (duke of Normandy) defeated the Saxons under Harold II (1066) and thus left England open for the Norman Conquest. Harold Godwinson comes out on top defeating this on October 14, 1066.
This helped keep track of people in England and helped rulers set up taxes.
A big long tapestry which commemorates the Battle of Hastings and celebrates William the Conqueror.
Since the early church, Christians wanted to visit the places described in the Bible. They also visited "shrines" in Europe which housed the relics (bodies) of saints. A hungerer in Europe of average day people to be in holy land. A journey made for religious reasons such as seeking healing or forgiveness / a journey to a place of religious importance.. Ex: tomb of Peter.
Intercessors in the heavenly room. Rich attention paid to these. Were men and women who, through their holiness, had achieved a special position in heaven. The ability to protect poor souls enabled them to take on great importance.
3 Orders of Relics
1) Body parts: bones, blood, hair, breastmilk, etc. From saints.
2) Objects associated with the saints: thorns from christ's crowns, nails from the cross, chains that held St. Paul, etc.
3) Pieces of cloth that touched a first order relic
The mass in the Middle Ages
The priest is to celebrate the mass. They have many alters and throughout the day have this. In 1450 there was a church in Antwerpe where 200 masses were celebrated in 1 week. When mass is celebrated the living is receiving a blessing. When the host is elevated god is present.
Focus on community and public life.
Witches and heretics represent on a sociological level is the splitting of community. People living together. People who deviated from common land were people committing violence on the community. The medieval community would order it's time together in a particular way.
Wipe off time. Can last thousands of years. Defined by the Catholic church as the place where souls went after death to be purged of punishment for sins committed in life.
The year revolves around this. A way of retelling a story Christ's birth, death, and resurrection. Also celebrates the feasts of saints. Orders time and organizes community.
Cults of the saints
Women and men who believe led extraordinary lives in tune their bodies and the body parts work miracles. Some are figures of the Bibles others who come up in the history of the church. Different saints revoked for different reasons their role is to be intercessory. Most were local.
Dangers of Child Birth
Was extremely dangerous in the pre-modern world. Women regularly died. They would have a lot of babies so that half of them would live. Women would become nuns so that they could avoid this risk.
The bones of Christian saints or objects intimately associated with saints that were considered worthy of veneration. Fueled by the Christian belief in the afterlife and resurrection, in the power of the soul, and in the role of saints as advocates for humankind in heaven.
Some of these had wide international healing. Some had an international brawl including canterbury, Rome, and Jerusalem and were major destinations for pilgrimage. One great destination was the man named Santiago De Compasteta.
The Virgin Mary in Medieval Culture.
Also known as Marian devotion. Had many titles. According to extra biblical tradition she was bodily exhumed into heaven and when she died she swept into heaven and there is no great shrine for her. Stories say that she will show up like a ghost. Intersection point in Chivalry. Referred to as the new eve.
8 of them in total. The first one was a disorganized mess. They no nothing about the climate, geography, and their armies suffered from disease and starvation. It took years to get their act together. In 1099 the armies laid Siege in Jerusalem and slaughtered the Muslims. European nobles established 4 of this states. The names are Jerusalem, Tripoli, Antioch, and Medessa. Decided to wage war on the Eastern Emperor.
Pope Urban II
Gave speech at Clermont. For a great christian holy war against the Muslims. For an expressed purpose of beating back the influence of the Terks and retake holy Land.
Siege of Jerusalem
A victory for the 1st trained knights Crusaders that involved terrible fighting and ended in disaster for the city's inhabitants. Saladin retook Jerusalem in 1187.
The permanent royal treasury of England. It emerged during the reign of King Henry II and in the twelfth century.
Law common to the entire kingdom of England; imposed by the king's courts beginning in the twelfth century to replace the customary law used in county and feudal courts that varied from place to place.
In Spain, the reconquest of Muslim lands by Christian Rulers and their armies.
The practice in which someone other than a member of the clergy chose a bishop and invested him with the symbols of both his temporal office and his spiritual office; led to the investiture controversy, which was ended by compromise in the Concordat of Worms in 1122.
In the catholic church, a censure depriving a person of the right to receive the sacraments of the church.
the administrative staff of the catholic church, composed of cardinals and other officials who assist the pope in running the church.
In the catholic church, a censure by which a region or country is deprived of receiving the sacraments.
Rites considered imperative for a Christians salvation. By the thirteenth century; these consisted of the Eucharist or Lord's Supper, baptism, marriage, penance, extreme unction, holy orders, and confirmation of children. Protestant reformers of the sixteenth century generally recognized only two-baptism and communion.
In christian theology, the remission of part or all of the temporal punishment in purgatory due to sin; granted for charitable contributions and other good deeds, became a regular practice of the Christian church in the High Middle Ages, and their abuse was instrumental in sparking Luther's reform movement in the sixteenth century.
The belief that the universe is dominated by two opposing forces, one good and the other evil.
In the middle ages, a military campaign in defense of Christendom.
"Holder of Power." A title taken by Turkish leaders who took command of the Abbasid Empire in 1055.
Sets with similar terms
World History 4th Nine Weeks Exam
Lecture 402; The Western Monarchies (ca.…
MDLP Unit 4 Study Guide
World History : Princes and Popes
Other sets by this creator
WESTERN CIV QUIZ 10
WESTERN CIV FINAL
Western Civilization Quiz 9
Western Civilization Quiz 7
Other Quizlet sets
Women of Lockerbie - George Lines
MKTG 3310 Test 1
30 Knee and Leg
Module 1 quiz