believes in one God
the Arabic word for God
beautiful and ornate handwriting
having two or more wives
a woman who is not legally married to a man but who is treated by him as a wife
a government carried out directly by God or by one who is considered to be directly guided by God
to support, guard, or protect arts, learning, music, and so forth, usually with wealth and influence. One who is a patron.
the shrine at the center of Mecca and Islam's holiest place.
Muhammad's flight from Mecca and the begging of Muslim count for years
"submission" to Allah and the name of the religion founded by Muhammad
the scripture of Islam containing the record of Muhammad's prophecies and commands
interior "struggle" to submit one's will to Allah as well as a holy war against the unbelievers
Five Pillars of Islam
the central tenets of the Islamic faith
"successor" to the prophet Muhammad and the spiritual and military leader of Islam
the Muslim governor of a province
Shiite and Sunni
the two major divisions
the Byzantine emperor who defeated the Persians and lost to the Arabs
founder and Prophet of the Islamic religion
Muhammad's father in law and the first caliph
second caliph whose armies conquered Mesopotamia, Persia, and Egypt.
third caliph, founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs
fourth caliph,Muhammad's son-in-law
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