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23 terms

HIstory Chapter 7 Test

The Rise of Islam
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Monotheist
believes in one God
Allah
the Arabic word for God
Calligraphy
beautiful and ornate handwriting
Polygamy
having two or more wives
Concubine
a woman who is not legally married to a man but who is treated by him as a wife
Theocracy
a government carried out directly by God or by one who is considered to be directly guided by God
Patronize
to support, guard, or protect arts, learning, music, and so forth, usually with wealth and influence. One who is a patron.
Allah
Arabic for God
Kaaba
the shrine at the center of Mecca and Islam's holiest place.
Hegira
Muhammad's flight from Mecca and the begging of Muslim count for years
Islam
"submission" to Allah and the name of the religion founded by Muhammad
Koran
the scripture of Islam containing the record of Muhammad's prophecies and commands
Jihad
interior "struggle" to submit one's will to Allah as well as a holy war against the unbelievers
Five Pillars of Islam
the central tenets of the Islamic faith
caliph
"successor" to the prophet Muhammad and the spiritual and military leader of Islam
emir
the Muslim governor of a province
Shiite and Sunni
the two major divisions
Heraclius
the Byzantine emperor who defeated the Persians and lost to the Arabs
Muhammad
founder and Prophet of the Islamic religion
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's father in law and the first caliph
Omar
second caliph whose armies conquered Mesopotamia, Persia, and Egypt.
Othman
third caliph, founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs
Ali
fourth caliph,Muhammad's son-in-law