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DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.3 Carbohydrates and lipids
Essential vocabulary for the IBO DP Biology course
Terms in this set (24)
a soluble polysaccharide and highly-branched polymer of glucose found in plants as one of the two components of starch (the other being amylose).
a polysaccharide found in plants as one of the two components of starch (making up approximately 20-30% of the structure).
Body mass index (BMI)
a measure for human body shape based on an individual's mass and height (kg/m2).
a polysaccharide with the formula (C6H10O5)n, consisting of a linear chain of between several hundred to over ten thousand β-linked D-glucose units.
formation of larger molecules involving the removal of water from smaller component molecules.
a sugar (carbohydrate) composed of two monosaccharides joined by condensation.
any of the group of a long chain of hydrocarbon derived from the breakdown of fats having a single carboxylic group and aliphatic tail.
a metabolic intermediate and structural component of the major classes of biological lipids, triglycerides, and phospholipids.
a branched polymer of glucose that is mainly produced in liver and muscle cells, and functions as secondary long-term energy storage in animal cells.
chemical compounds of the same chemical formula but different structure (cis or trans).
a disaccharide sugar that is commonly found in milk and consists of galactose and glucose.
organic compounds, including the fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglycerides, that are insoluble in water,but soluble in non-polar organic solvents.
a disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join together.
consist of a single component.
the simplest form of carbohydrate (for example fructose, glucose, and ribose) that constitutes the building blocks of a more complex form of sugars.
an unsaturated molecule that contains only one double or triple bond in the carbon chain.
a compound made up of several repeating units (monomers).
a complex carbohydrate composed of a chain of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic bonds.
a type of molecule that contains more than one double or triple bond in the carbon chain.
Saturated fatty acids
a form of fatty acid that lacks unsaturated linkages between carbon atoms.
a polysaccharide carbohydrate (C6H10O5)n found in plants that consists of a large number of glucose monosaccharides.
a disaccharide composed of the monosaccharides glucose and fructose.
an energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acid.
Unsaturated fatty acid
a form of fatty acid that contains more than one double bond between carbon atoms.
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