ATP-PCr System, Glycolytic System, Oxidative System
ATP is generated through what three energy systems?
creatine kinase, ADP
The release of energy from PCr is facilitated by the enzyme, ___________, which acts on PCr to separate Pi from creatine. The energy released from this reaction is used to add the Pi molecule to an _____ molecule, forming ATP.
The energy required to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 degree C
Define Calorie (or Kilocalorie):
Specific protein molecules that control the breakdown of chemical compounds are called _______.
Glycolytic enzymes act in the _______, while oxidative enzymes act in the _________.
_________ enzymes act in the cytoplasm, while ________ enzymes act in the mitochondria.
Pyruvic, lactic acid, lactate
A major limitation of anaerobic glycolysis is that _______ acid is formed and accumulates in the muscles and body fluids, then is converted directly to ______ acid, which releases H⁺ ions and becomes ______.