Lesson 14

Criminal Investigation
STUDY
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A defendant cannot be convicted of a crime soley based on circumstantial evidence.
A) True
B) False
False
Once questioning of potential jurors has been completed, what is the challenge that may be used for any reason, except race or gender, to excuse a prospective juror?
A) Executive challenge.
B) Peremptory challenge.
C) Challenge for bias.
D) Challenge for cause.
Peremptory challenge.
The type of evidence by which an unknown fact is inferred from a series of known facts is called:
A) hearsay evidence.
B) demonstrative evidence.
C) direct evidence.
D) circumstantial evidence.
circumstantial evidence.
The process by which an attorney on cross-examination attempts to discredit or contradict the testimony of a witness to show that the witness is unworthy of belief is called:
A) prior inconsistent statements.
B) rehabilitating the witness.
C) destroying competency.
D) impeaching the witness.
impeaching the witness.
A language barrier may be a basis for a prospective juror being dismissed as a challenge for cause.
A) True
B) False
True
the most important characteristic of a good witness is:
A) to be prepared.
B) not to show nervousness.
C) to adequately investigate the case.
D) to be properly dressed in business attir
to be prepared.
In a civil suit, the party wronged is the plaintiff. What is the burden of proof necessary to win a civil case?
A) Proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
B) Preponderance of the evidence.
C) Reasonable suspicion.
D) Probable cause.
Preponderance of the evidence.
A command to an individual to appear in court and to bring certain records or documents in his or her possession is called a:
A) warrant.
B) summons.
C) subpoena.
D) subpoena duces tecum.
subpoena duces tecum.
An individual who testifies in court and who possesses special skills or knowledge not ordinarily possessed by others, acquired through experience, study, observation, or education and who is permitted to interpret such information for the jury, give opinions and draw conclusions is called:
A) a police officer.
B) a lay witness.
C) an expert witness.
D) a forensic scientist.
an expert witness.
The responsibility of the prosecution to establish guilt beyond and to the exclusion of every reasonable doubt is called the:
A) absolute proof.
B) preponderance of evidence.
C) burden of proof.
D) reasonable doubt exception.
burden of proof.
A confession voluntarily made by a suspect dying of a gun shot wound is an exception to the hearsay rule.
A) True
B) False
True
At what point in the trial process does the judge have the responsibility of instructing the jury on law applicable to the case and of advising the jury of its responsibilities?
A) Before closing statements.
B) After the prosecution and defense have presented their case.
C) After the juror have been sworn in but before opening statements.
D) After closing statements.
After closing statements.
By law, all evidence is weighted the same by the jury.
A) True
B) False
False
The function of a witness in court is to
A) apply the law to the facts of the case.
B) relate facts within the witness's knowledge.
C) interpret facts within the witness's knowledge.
D) convict the defendant.
relate facts within the witness's knowledge.
The process by which an attorney on cross-examination attempts to discredit or contradict the testimony of a witness to show that the witness is unworthy of belief is called
A) destroying competency.
B) rehabilitating the witness.
C) impeaching the witness.
D) prior inconsistent statements.
impeaching the witness.
Physical evidence is often referred to as "real evidence".
A) True
B) False
True
Most trials do not allow the investigation officer to refer to his or her notes or incident report when testifying.
A) True
B) False
False
Which of the following is a reason why hearsay evidence is inadmissible?
A) It violates the first amendment.
B) It is unreliable and untrustworthy.
C) It carriers little weight with juries.
D) It violates the eight amendment.
It is unreliable and untrustworthy.
A combination of all the elements of crime is most properly referred to as:
A) direct evidence.
B) order of proof.
C) judicial notice.
D) corpus delicti.
corpus delicti.
Regarding the proper clothing to wear while testifying in court, all authorities agree that:
A) civilian clothes should always be worn.
B) a uniform should always be worn.
C) business attire should always be worn.
D) regardless of what is worn, it should be neat and clean.
regardless of what is worn, it should be neat and clean.
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