74 terms

Theatre Test 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Theatre requires
Performer, Audience, Common space, and something to be performed
Elements of theatre
Live, Collaborative, and cultural exploration
Peter Brook
"Each culture expresses a different portion of the inner atlas; the complete human truth is global and the theatre is a place in which the jigsaw can be pieced together"
A Rasin in the Sun
Broadway 1959, Lorraine Hansberry, 1st non-musical play written and directed by African Americans on Broadway
The Lysistrate Project
New York City March 3,2003; 1st worldwide theatrical event for peace, play by Aristophanes-women force men to stop 21-year war
Origin of Theatre
religious rituals, Dionysis, and Theatron
Theatron
Greek-the seeking place
Theatre as Art
Entertains audience, challenges audiences, focus on dramatic
Horace
"Theatre is to teach and please"
Commercial Theatre
Broadway, Off-Broadway, and Off-off Broadway
Broadway
theatre district
Off-Broadway
Manhattan, fewer than 500 seats
Off-off Broadway
NYC, non-tradtional space
Resident/Regional Theatre
Professional, nonprofit, entire season, funding by gifts/grants, Alley Theatre 1947
Hybrid theatre
semiprofessional, union and non-union
Peter Brook
The empty space
Audience
experiences two contrasting phenomenas at the same time: Empathy & Aesthetic distance
Empathy
emotional identification with the characters; Aristotle
Aesthetic distance
psychological separation; a sense of detachment; Bertolt Brecht
alienation effect
the use of nonrealistic devices in theatre to create aesthetic distance
Catarsis
purging of emotions; emotional release, achieved by exciting pity and fear in the audience
Hypocrites
original Greek word for actor, literally "answerer"
First actor
Thespis
Mimesis
defined by Aristotle, the artists's process of imitating character and action
Actor
derives from Latin world that literally means "doer"
Proscenium
developed during Italian Renaissance, Arch, Grand drape
Proscenium arch
resembles a picture frame, separating the actors form the audience
grand drape
front curtain of the proscenium
house
the audience area of any theatrical space
thrust space
one of the oldest theatre arrangements to be termed "theater architecture", surrounded on 3 sides by audience, Vomitories of Voms may be present
Vomitorie of Voms
passage ways located underneath the seating that generally gives access to the stage
Arena space
a theatre space in which the stage in completely surrounded by audience
black box
a flexible theatre space designed to be rearranged
stage direction
from the actors point of view
Components of a production
play with actors, sets, lights, costumes, props
playwright
author of play
producer
handles business aspects of show
director
oversees artistic aspects of show
scenic designer
creates the visual home for the play
costume designer
designs costumes for the show
lighting designer
helps establish mood, place, and intensity with the use of light
sound designer
creates a soundtrack to support the show; may be recored or live
stage manager
oversees the entire production crew, rehearsals, and performances (busiest person in the theatre)
production staff
make-up designer, composer, or choreographer
house manager
sees the needs of the audience members
box office manager
oversees ticket sales
Osiris
Egyptian God (2500 BC)
Heroductus
Greek historian, has records of theatrical performances done in Egypt as early as the 1400 BC
Dionysus
God of wine and fertility
The Acropolis: Theater of Dionysus
thrust stage, theatron, orchestra, skene, parados
Theatron
seeing place
orchestra
dancing place
Skene
(where the word scene derives from) green room
parados
where actors could make entrance and exits near orchestra
Dithyrambs
choral song and dance presented in homage to Dionysus
Aeschlus
added 2nd actor, wrote tragedy
Euripides
wrote tragedy
Sophocles
added a 3rd actor, wrote tragedy
Aristophanes
wrote comedy, didn't write about Gods but about government and current events
Tragedy
described in Aristotle's poetics
Satyr Play
by the tragic playwrights, comic plays with a chorus of mythological
Comedy
political satires, only Aristophanes' plays are extant
Menander
writer of the only surviving Greek New Comedy
The Grouch
the title of the only complete New Comedy extant
Roman Dramatists
Plautus, Terence, Seneca
Platus & Terence
wrote Roman comedy
closet dramas
meant to be read not preformed, but written in dialogue format
Sneca
wrote tragedy
Quem Quaertisis
Oldest surviving liturgical drama; performed by priest "Whom do you seek?"
outdoor drama
pageant wagons (1200-1350 AD)
Mystery Plays
Medieval Plays based on biblical stories "Mesterie"- Latin
Cycles
collections of medieval religious plays
miracle plays
allegorical religious plays about the human struggle with good and evil; purely fiction but has moral theme and based on the life of everyday people
Plato
bad attitude toward theater