-Explores new areas of research and describes situations as they exist in the world.
-The exploration and description of phenomena in real-life situations. It provides an accurate account of characteristics of particular individuals, situations, or groups.
-Descriptive studies are usually conducted with large numbers of subjects, in natural settings, with no manipulation of the situation in anyway.
-Through descriptive studies, researchers discover new meaning, describe what exists, determine the frequency with which something occurs, and categorize information.
-The outcomes of descriptive research include the description of concepts, identification of possible relationships between concepts, and development of hypotheses that provide a basis for future quantitative research.
-e.g.= Educational preparation, associate degree prepared nurse, baccalaureate degree prepared nurse, registered nurses, individual (job satisfaction), social return on investment (career retention)
-The two processes are similar because they both involve abstract, critical thinking and complex reasoning. These processes help to identify new information, discover relationships, and make predictions about phenomena. In both processes, information is gathered, observations are made, problems are identified, plans are developed (methodology), and actions are taken (data collection and analysis). Both processes are reviewed for effectiveness and efficiency; the nursing process is evaluated, and outcomes are determined in the research process. Implementing the two processes expands and refines the user's knowledge. With this growth in knowledge and critical thinking, the user is able to implement increasingly complex nursing processes and studies. -The first step in the critical appraisal process for quantitative studies.
-This critical appraisal phase involves understanding the terms and concepts in the report and identifying the steps of the research process, such as the problem, purpose, framework, design, sample, measurement methods, data collection and analysis, and findings.
-First steps to this phase include reviewing the abstract, reading the entire study, and examining the references.