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4427 Midterm Review
Terms in this set (29)
2 Purposes of Schooling
1. To know ourselves (self-knowledge)
2. To empower individuals
6 Goals of Schooling
5 Characteristics of Public Education in Canada
1. Public Accessibility
2. Equal Opportunity
3. Public Funding
4. Public Control
5. Public Accountability
3 Tensions and Dilemmas in Canadian Education
1. Uniformity and Diversity
2. Stability and Change
3. Power and Equality
An entity created by the provincial Department of Education (similar to a board of directors) to oversee the educational operations in a particular geographical area.
The geographical region of a school board.
8 School Board Characteristics
1. Created by the provincial government
2. Responsible to the Minister of Education
3. Consists of elected representatives (trustees) (usually from 7-15)
4. Assisted by a professional staff (director, etc.)
5. Serves as a liaison between the Department of Education and the schools
6. Consolidation of 4 English speaking school boards into 1 provincial English speaking school board
7. HQ is in St. John's, with satellites in Gander, Corner Brook, and Happy Valley-Goose Bay
8. The French Speaking school board will remain the same
Definition: general guidelines intended to shape decision-making and action taking in matters educational
Function of Educational Policies
Policies shape the structure of the schools, the resources available, the curriculum, the teaching staff, and the daily activities.
5 Sources of Educational Policy
1. Provincial Government
2. Departments (Ministries) of Education
3. School Boards
4. School Buildings
5. School Councils
4 Factors Affecting Policy Making
4 Categories of Teacher Misconduct in Canada
1. Misconduct occurring in the classroom, the school building or school grounds, and at the school board office
2. Misconduct of a sexual nature
3. Misconduct of a commercial crime nature occurring at the school building or at the school board office
4. Misconduct occurring in the community at large which may or may not be of a criminal nature
Examples of provincial, district, and school educational policies:
Provincial: NL Safe and Caring Schools Policies
District: NLESD Homework Policy
School: Menihek High School's Student Access to Technology Policy
The ________________ is a primary force that has shaped and continues to shape Canadian education.
The major concern of teachers is _____________; an issue that it open to litigation.
Both "_____________________" and "__________________________________" concepts support/supplement each other in matters dealing with school children.
"in loco parentis" and "teachers as educational state agents"
Both "in loco parentis" and "teachers as educational state agents" can significantly impact on legal judgment regarding teacher ______________ and ________________.
Negligence and Liability
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms came into effect on what date?
April 17th, 1982
The Constitution is the ___________________ of Canada
9 Rights and Freedoms of the Charter
1.Freedom of expression
2.The right to a democratic government
3.The right to live and seek employment anywhere in Canada
4.Legal rights of persons accused of crimes
5.Aboriginal peoples' rights
6.The right to equality, including the equality of men and women
7.The right to use either of Canada's official languages
8.The right of French and English linguistic minority groups to an education in their language
9.The protection of Canada's multicultural heritage
In order to make changes to the Charter, which two conditions must be met?
1. The federal Parliament and 7 of the 10 provincial legislatures must agree to the changes
2. Population of the 7 provinces must also make up at least 50% of the total population of Canada.
the omitting to do something that a reasonable man would do or the doing of something which a reasonable man would not do. (Omission/commission).
4 Elements of Negligence (hinted)
1. Duty of care
2. Standard of care
3. Causal proximity
4 Step Analysis to Determine Negligence
1. Was duty of care owed to the injured person?
2. What is the standard of care required by the situation?
3. Was this standard of care breached?
4. What damages, if any, were suffered by the injured person?
In a negligence case the accused and the victims sharing the responsibility for paying the amount of the financial award handed down by the courts (e.g. 50-50, 70-30, etc.)
Responsibility for one's conduct, such as contractual liability, tort liability, or criminal liability.
The employer (e.g. school board) taking responsibility for the negligence of its employees (e.g. teachers and principals). Such negligence must result from incidents arising during the "course of employment".
A term in law which refers to fair treatment being accorded to an individual in a legal or quasi-legal hearing; sometimes referred to as a fair hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.
4 Terms Synonymous with Due Process
1. Procedural fairness
2. Natural justice
3. Fundamental justice
4. Fair process/dealing
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