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Ch. 23 General Surgery
Terms in this set (77)
Sponge "Ring" Forcep
Bakes Gall Bladder Dilators
The abdominal cavity contains the abdominal ____________ (organs).
The ________________________________ is the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal cavity.
The_________________________________ is the area bounded by the rectus abdominis muscle, the inguinal ligament, and the inferior epigastric vessels.
A protrusion of tissue through a defect or weakness in the abdominal wall.
______________________ is used for most hernia repairs.
Indirect inguinal hernia
Results in protrusion of the abdominal viscera into the inguinal canal from the deep inguinal ring
Transabdominal preperitoneal laparoscopy
Total extraperitoneal surgery
A _______________ hernia arises from a defect in the transversalis fascia inferior to the inguinal ligament.
The postoperative herniation of tissue into the tissue layers around an abdominal incision is called an _____________ hernia.
A _______________ hernia refers to any hernia occurring in the abdominal wall, excluding the groin or inguinal area.
Protrusion of the viscera outside the body as aresult of trauma or wound disruption
The ___________________ is a tubular structure that extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
Extends from the pylorus of the stomach to the proximal end of the large intestine
Extends from the distal ileum to the rectum
________________ is the freeing up of tissue, such as bowel, from its attachments before anastomosis or resection.
Distended veins of the esophagus, causedby advanced liver disease.
Diagnostic endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and proximal duodenum
_________________, or "lower GI" endoscopy, is endoscopy of the large intestine.
A ___________________ is open surgery of the abdominal cavity for access to the abdominal organs.
A laparotomy that is performed to confirm a diagnosis or to detect a specific pathological condition is called an ________________________________.
____________________________________________ commonly is performed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
___________________ is performed to reduce gastric enzymes by severing the nerves that control their release.
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a common method of providing access to the stomach through a flexible tube inserted through the abdominal wall.
A __________________________________, or gastroduodenostomy, is surgical anastomosis of the stomach and the duodenum.
Billroth I procedure
During a___________________, or gastrojejunostomy, a surgical anastomosis of the stomach and the jejunum occurs.
Billroth II procedure
Nasogastric (NG) tube
A flexible tube inserted through thenose and advanced into the stomach
Morbid obesity is a condition in which the patient's body mass index (BMI) is at least ___.
The _____________________________- bypass is performed to bypass the distal stomach and reestablish continuity from the stomach to the jejunum.
A portion of the intestine is divided and the open end is secured to the skin
An _______________________________ is the removal of the appendix, a blind, narrow, elongated pouch that is attached to the cecum.
The patient is placed in Trendelenburg position for a ____________________________________________________.
Removal of hemorrhoids
A ______________________ is a congenital defect in which epithelial tissue develops below the surface of the skin in the area of the sacrum and coccyx.
An ______________________ often arises from an infected fissure in the anal sphincter.
anal or rectal fistula
The______________ is a large vascular organ that aids digestion and the filtration of toxic substances from the body.
The ___________ is a kidney-shaped organ that is extremely vascular and relatively soft.
Since the liver, biliary system, pancreas, and spleen contain many ducts and blood vessels, __________________________ should be available with all procedures.
right angle clamps
A _________________________________ is the removal of a diseased gallbladder.
____________________________________________ comprises imaging studies in which a contrast medium is injected into the biliary ducts to detect gallstones or a stricture.
During a _________________, the spleen is removed surgically to stop hemorrhage caused by trauma or to treat disease.
The __________________________ is performed for curative or palliative treatment of pancreatic cancer.
Involves the removal of one or more of the nine liver segments.
A procedure in which breast tissue, including the skin, areola, and nipple, is removed, but the lymph nodes are not removed is called a ___________________.
A disease of the liver in which the tissue hardens and the venous drainage becomes blocked is ________________.
In psychology, the way a person sees himself or herself through the eyes of others is called___________________.
The insertion of a fine wire into a breast mass during fluoroscopy
A ___________________________________________________ is a procedure in which one or more lymph nodes are removed to determine whether a tumor has metastasized.
sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB)
________________________ is a radioactive substance used to identify sentinel lymph nodes.
In a ______________________________________________, the entire breast is removed, and complete axillary dissection with excision of nodes is performed.
modified radical mastectomy
A skin flap is a flap that is created by incising the skin and cutting it away from the underlying tissue to which it is attached.
An _________________________ occurs when abdominal tissue is trapped between layers of an abdominal wall defect.
A __________________________________ is from a defect behind the superficial inguinal ring, through the transversalis fascia.
direct inguinal hernia
In bowel procedures, precautions taken to prevent contamination of instruments and supplies by the bowel contents is called _________________________.
A__________________________________________________________ is mucosa and submucosa that have herniated through the cricopharyngeal muscles.
In colon resection, part of the large intestine is removed and its continuity is restored by _____________________ or a colostomy is done.
__________________________________________ is the complete removal of the rectum and anus with pelvic dissection and removal of a portion of the colon.
The organs of the hepatic system and spleen are ___________________, and any tear or rupture can result in profuse bleeding.
In a _________________________________________, a portion of the tail of the pancreas is removed.
laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy
In a _____________________________________, the entire breast is removed and the axillary lymph nodes are not.
total (or simple) mastectomy
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