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Burns-Types, severity, depths and treatment
Terms in this set (26)
A burn caused by strong, caustic chemicals damaging the skin
A burn caused by a radiation, either nuclear or solar.
A burn caused by contact with an electrical source, which allows an electrical current to pass through the body
Adult-Full thickness burn involving the hands, feet face or genitals
Adult-Full thickness burn to 2-10% BSA (Excluding genitals, face, hands or feet)
Adult-Full thickness burn to less than 2% BSA
Most common depth of burn. The patient's skin will be dry and there may be some swelling. The skin is red and painful.
The burn involves the epidermis.
The skin appears moist and mottled, ranging in colors from white to red. The burn area is blistered and extremely painful.
The burn involves the epidermis and dermis.
Partial thickness burn
The skin is dry and leathery and may be a mix of colors from white to dark brown to charcoal. Often charred blood vessels are visible. While it can be very painful, the patient may feel very little if nerves have been destroyed.
The burn involves the epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous fat and muscles.
Full thickness burn
What is the general treatment of a burn less than 10% BSA?
Moist sterile dressing
What is the general treatment of a burn more than 10% BSA?
Dry sterile dressing
The rule of nine's breakdown of ADULT body. __% head, __% anterior trunk, __% posterior trunk, __% each upper extremity, __% each lower extremity, __% genitals
9, 18, 18, 9, 18, 1
The rule of nine's breakdown of INFANT body. __% head, __% anterior trunk, __% posterior trunk, __% each upper extremity, __% each lower extremity, __% genitals
18, 18, 18, 9, 14, 1
Adult-Burns associated with respiratory injury
Adult-Full thickness burn to more than 10% BSA
Adult-Partial thickness burn to more than 30% BSA
Adult-Burns complicated by painful, swollen or deformed extremity
Adult-Burns encompassing any body part
Child-Full thickness burn to more than 10% BSA
Child-Partial thickness burn to more than 20% BSA
Child-Burns involving the hands, feet, face, airway or genitals
Adult-Partial thickness burn to 15-30% BSA
Adult-Superficial burn to more than 50%
Child-Partial thickness burn to 10-20%
Adult-Partial thickness burn to less than 15% BSA
Child-Partial thickness burn to less than 10% BSA
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