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1.2 Looking Inside Cells: 16 - 24
* Identify the role of the cell wall and the cell membrane in the cell. * Describe the functions of cell organelles. * Explain how cells are organized in many-celled organisms. * Tell how bacterial cells differ from plant and animal cells.
Terms in this set (17)
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell.
A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms. This organelle helps to protect and support the cell.
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell. All cells have this organelle.
A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical instructions that direct all the cell's activities. You can think of this organelle as the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activities.
These strands found in the cell's nucleus contain genetic material, the instructions for directing the cell's functions.
This is where ribosomes are made.
The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus; in organisms without a nucleus, the region located inside the cell membrane.
These organelles are known as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions.
A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another.
Small grain-like structures in the cytoplasm of a cell where proteins are made. (protein factories)
A structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell.
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food.
A sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area.
A small, round cell structure containing chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones.
A group of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function.
A group of organs that work together to perform a major function.
They are usually much smaller than plant or animal cells. They do have a cell wall and a cell membrane, but they do not contain a nucleus. These cells contain ribosomes, but none of the other organelles found in plant or animal cells.
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