Get ahead with a $300 test prep scholarship
| Enter to win by Tuesday 9/24
Terms in this set (63)
makes a statement
sentences that expresses wishes Ex: If you were to hang onto the basketball rim, then you could experience the glory of every NBA.
single subject and predicate. Only one independent clause and no dependent clause.
two independent clauses. Ex: I like chocolate ice cream, but my friend likes strawberry ice cream.
has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Ex: When she was younger, she believed in fairies.
has two or more independent clause and one or more dependent clause. ex: I would have purchased the cheese you like, but it was too expensive.
when words or phrases change in the middle of the sentence. Ex: All products must be tested, receive approval, and have labeling. Correct: All products must be tested, approved, and labeled.
Errors in pronoun referent
Ex: Tory, Kelley, and I watched a movie, but she didn't like it.
Effective: Tory, Kelley, and I watched a movie, but Tory didn't like it.
is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. Ex: After the assignment.
adverb is between infinitive phrase.
ex: to meekly say.
effective: to say meekly.
do not name specific people, places, or things. Ex: person, animal, and car
particular people, places, or things. President Obama, Chicago
Ex: cinema, football
an idea, condition, or feeling. Ex: ideals, justice, Americana
noun that does not name gender.
Does not specify. Ex: chairperson, politician, president, professor
nominative case noun
subject of the sentence. Ex: Mark eats the cake. (Mark is the ncn)
possessive case noun
Ex: birds beak.
objective case noun
nouns that function as an object. Ex: Please send him immediately. (him is the ocn)
Verb that needs an object to complete meaning. Ex: She teaches.
Does not need object to be complete. ex: They walk to school everyday.
connect the subject to the verb. ex: Sarah is cold.
Help the verb. Ex: am, is, are, were, was, has, have, had.
present verb tense
what is happening now. Ex: Celia attends middle school.
past verb tense
what happened in the past. Ex: Tim ate salmon.
future verb tense
action that will happen in the future. ex: Trisha will see the circus.
present perfect tense
is used when action began in the past but finishes in the present. Ex: Annie has eaten today.
past present tense
action that began and finished in the past. Ex: The concert ended yesterday.
future present tense
action that will begin and finish in the future. Ex: Next year, Celia will have graduated eighth grade. (ex: will have graduated)
Combines the word "to" + verb in order to function as an adjective, adverb, or noun.
Verb that functions as an adj (ed or ing) Ex: barking dog and painted fence.
verbs that functions as nouns. Ex: Gardening is favorite activity. (gardening is g)
three types of pronouns
simple, compound, and phrasal.
is the noun to which a pronoun refers to. Ex: Jimmy is playing in a basketball tournament tomorrow. He hopes to play well. ( He is an a to Jimmy)
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, what
itself, myself, anybody, someone, everything
each other, one another
take the place of nouns. Ex: Coach spence changed his starting lineup and won the game. (his is the pp to c.spence)
different forms of who that connects sentence.
refers to unnamed things. ex: do you know somebody who can dunk a basketball. (somebody who is ip)
ask questions. ex: who are you and why do you play basketball?
point out people, places, or things without naming them. Ex: This, that, these.
describe or modify nouns. Ex: big, blue, old, tacky, shiny
describes time (tomorrow), place (there, here), manner (exactly, clearly) , degree (greatly, partly)
used between two independent clauses
is used at the end of a sentence.
is used at the end of a direct or indirect question and to show uncertainty
is used to separate groups that include commas and to set off independent clauses.
is used to express strong feeling.
used for contractions, plurals, singular possessive.
used for emphasis to set off interrupted speech
used to set off interrpreted speech, to indicate a sudden break.
used to set off explanatory info within a sentence and to set off full sentences.
used between numbers, between fractions, to create new words
used after a statement that introduces a quotation or an example.
The receiver of the action.
Ex: The cat ate a fly. (what did the cat eat? The fly)
is a noun that indicates to whom the action of a verb is for performed. Ex: The taxi driver charged us twenty dollars. (Who did the taxi driver charge? us.)
a word used to identify any of a class or people, places, or things or to name a particular one.
answers who or what