The American Republic Chapters 11-12
Terms in this set (49)
The Great Wagon Road, The Wilderness Road, The National Road
Three important early roads
Produced the first commercially successful steamboat
The Erie Canal
Made traveling by boat to Lake Erie from Albany, New York possible
Water compartments in a canal that could be opened and shut
Faster and cheaper than canal transportation
Area of the country where railroads developed the most quickly
Helped finance railroad projects
Postal service from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California
How long the Pony Express lasted
Invented the telegraph
Keeping railroad traffic coordinated
Major function of the telegraph
Englishman who introduced the country's first successful factory system
Grew quickly in the North
Patented the sewing machine
Formed by workers to promote their goals for labor reforms
Invented the steel plow
Invented the mechanical reaper
Invented the cotton gin to clean the short-staple product cotton
Somewhat responsible for the continuation of slavery
Commodore Matthew Perry
Opened American trade with Japan
fishing and whaling
Important sea trade industries
Denies the doctrine of the Trinity
Belief that people can find truth through emotions and intuition
Developed the first public high schools
One who wanted to abolish slavery
Championed for the mentally ill
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Organized the Seneca Falls Convention for women's rights
The belief that God intended the U.S. to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Settlers traveling westward
How was Manifest Destiny achieved?
James K. Polk
President most closely associated with Manifest Destiny
Desire for farmland
Hope of gaining riches
Desire to spread the gospel to the Indians
Why did people move westward?
Growth of towns
Issues with Native Americans
What were some results of westward expansion?
Santa Fe Trail
Used more by traders than settlers moving to new homes
Opponents of slavery feared it would be divided into several slave states
Why did some protest the annexation of Texas?
Mexican president who opposed Texas independence
Year Texas won independence from Mexico
Year Texas became a state
Who made up a large part of the population of Texas?
Most important route for settlers and missionaries going west
Salt Lake City, Utah
Founded by the Mormons
Followed the Oregon Trail before turning south
California Gold Rush
Started at John Sutter's sawmill
Men who went to California to look for gold in 1849
A dispute over the border of Texas and Mexico
What started the Mexican War?
The U.S.'s desire to gain California and New Mexico
What fueled the Mexican War?
Ended the Mexican War
Made the Rio Grande River the boundary of Texas
Added the Mexican Cession for about $20 million
What did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo do?
The Gadsden Purchase
Completed the territory of the United States?
Aided passage of the Compromise of 1850
Allowed popular sovereignty
Introduced a stricter Fugitive Slave Law
Outlawed slave trade in the District of Columbia
What did the Compromise of 1850 do?
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