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Cardiovascular Combining Forms

* means it was mentioned in class
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*angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
vessel
(angiogram - record of what's measured with vessels
vasectomy -surgical removal of vessels
vasoligation - process of tying off vessels
vascular -pertaining to vessel
vasculogenesis - process of making vasculature)
graphein = to draw or write
*aort/o
aorta
(aortoclasia - ruptured aorta
aortomalacia - softening of the wall of aorta)
*arteri/o
artery
(arteriosclerosis - condition of hardening of the artery
arteriorrhexis - rupture of the artery)
*ather/o
fatty (lipid) paste
(aterosclerosis - hardening of the artery caused by fatty plaque)
athere = gruel
*atri/o
atrium
(interatrial septum - septum that is between the two atria
atrioseptopexy - surgical fixation of the septum between the atria
atriome - device for cutting into the atrium
atrium - foreroom in a Roman house)
*cardi/o
heart
(cardiomyopathy - disease of the cardiac muscles
cardiotachometer)
*coron/o
circle, crown, or garland
Coroner - people that went around to collect taxes, cities were charged taxes to bury murdered people
*my/o
muscle
(myocardial infarct - dead cardiac muscles due to blocked vessels)
*pector/o
chest
(pectoralgia - chest pain
pectoriloquy - speech from the chest, you can head speaking through stethoscope)
loqui = to speak
*sphygm/o
pulse
(sphygmomanometer - hand measuring the device of pulse, blood pressure cuff)
*thromb/o
clot
(thrombocyte - cell that forms clots
thrombogenic - pertaining to the origin or creation of a clot
thromboplastic - pertaining to formation of clot)
*ven/o, phleb/o
vein
(venous hyperemia - excessive blood
venovenostomy - create a hole in one vein then put the other vein to it
phlebotomy - incision of vein
phlebectopia - condition where a vein is out of place
phlebectasia - dilation of the vein)
*varic/o
swollen, twisted vein
(varicosis - condition of a swollen or twisted vein
varix - a swollen, twisted vein)
*ventricul/o
ventricle (belly or pouch)
(ventricular - pertaining to ventricle
atrioventricular - pertaining to the atrium ventricle)
*steth/o
chest
(stethomyositis - inflammation of the chest muscles)