AP Comp Gov: UK Vocab
Terms in this set (45)
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance program that made all citizens eligible for health, unemployment, pension, and other benefits. Published in the 1940s and set the stage for the British welfare state.
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism.
The leading left-wing party in Britain, in power since 1997. Incremental reform
Constitutional Reform Movement
a movement in the United Kingdom that called for greater separation of powers, especially in the House of Lords. This ultimately culminated in the 2005 Constitutional Reform Act.
The ability to produce desired results, internal & external. the belief that you can change the government
A policy which involves taking slow, measured actions. the idea that Britain moves slowly in change. they dislike change and they do things gradually
where the prime minister can ask for another election and get more time in office. Elections are slated out for every 5 years, but the Prime Minister can call for an election and when that happens, it is this
lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law
Liberal Democrats Party
a social liberal political party in the United Kingdom. The party was formed in 1988 by a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party.
Time reserved in Commons for MPs to query ministers. Quite funny/entertaining to watch, they are very open and not afraid to bash on the prime minister
In systems like Britain's, the official leadership of the opposition party that "shadows" the cabinet.
Single Member District
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
2 Party System
party system with 2 major political parties
2 Plus Party System
the country is a '2 party system' but really has a third party that is very influential, its an important part of the elections
customs, traditions, practices not written in constitution that are part of our system of government
1922, Churchill-economic absorption capacity, peel commission-two sides irreconcilable, recommends partition, 1939 white paper-limits Jewish state nor Arab state, rejected, increased illegal immigration
A constant commitment to the common good, based on the belief that "we are all really responsible for all". loyalty and beliefs
private independent secondary school in Great Britain supported by endowment and tuition. molds kids into being political officals. 'oxbridge'
Every kid that graduates from a public school goes on to either Cambridge or Oxford, Oxbridge is just a nickname
a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in an effort to drive British forces from Northern Ireland and achieve a united independent Ireland
tendency of a given social class to vote for a party that promotes its economic interest
the act of showing regard for others. common courtesy
a system of law based on precedent and customs
House of Commons
one of the houses of Parliament including wealthy landowners and rich business leaders that represent the middle class and are elected to office. the lower of the 2
House of Lords
Upper house of Parliament, for nobles and bishops
the lawmaking body of British government
the barons wanted to stop him from encroaching on feudal custom-so it ended up limiting the monarch's powers and making sure he stayed within law
The Tories were colonists who disagreed with the move for independence and did not support the Revolution.
supported Geroge I, religious tolerance, commercial interests, but said that Parliament should have the final say
a government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
a MP (member of parliament) who is not a minister or shadow minister. They support and vote with their party.
the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy
First Past the Post
a winner for each district becomes the representative of a specific area regardless of how close the election turns out-the US follows this theory of representation most votes=win
an electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.
Vote of no confidence
A process in a parliamentary system where a mojority of parliament members vote to remove the Prime Minister from office
this is the location of the British Parliament
Main British government offices
The tendency to favor European or Western history, culture, and values over other cultures.
People opposed to expansion of the EU's power.
free-market, anti-welfarist ideology of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)
Good Friday Agreement
1998--Britain agreed to give Northern Ireland a regional government.
the state of the economy declines
Constitutional arrangement that concentrates power in a central government. this is what the UK has