- Lifestyle modifications:
— Weight reduction: <25 BMI.
— DASH diet, decreased sodium intake (first- no added salt, may progress to limiting sodium).
— Physical activity: 150 min/week of moderate exercise.
— Moderate alcohol consumption.
- Medication therapy:
— Diuretics, beta-blockers, alpha 1-blockers, combined alpha- and beta-blockers, vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, calcium channel blockers, dihydropyridines, and direct renin inhibitors.