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Outer section of each adrenal gland; secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones
Located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg production and estrogen and pregesterone secretion
Located behind the stomach ;also contains cells that are exocrine in function. They secrete enzymes, via a duct into the small intestine to aid digestion.
Located at the base of the brain in the sella turcica; composed of an anterior lobe and a posterior lobe.
Two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male; responsible for sperm production and testosterone secretion.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland ;increases reabsorption of water by the kidney.
Secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure and dilates airways. It is a part of the body's "fight or flight" reaction.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates hormone secretion and egg production by the ovaries and sperm production by the testes.
Secreted by alpha islet cells of the pancreas; increases blood sugar by conversion of glycogon to glucose.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and soft tissues.
Secreted by beta islet cells of the pancreas; helps glucose to pass into cells, and it promotes the conversion of glucose to glycagon.
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone secretion in males.
Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone thyrotropin
Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; acts on the thyroid gland to promote its functioning.
Secreted by the thyroid gland; also called tetraiodothyronine; increases metabolism in cells.
Mineral salt found in the blood and tissues and necessary for proper functioning of cells
Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates glucose, fat and protein metabolism.
Substance, secreted by an endocrine gland, that travels through the blood to a distant organ or gland where it influences the structure or function of the organ or gland.
Region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary gland. It secretes releasing factors and hormones that affect the pituitary gland.
Steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex to regulate mineral salts and water balance in the body.
Steroids produced by the adrenal cortex to influence male and female sexual characteristics.
An abnormal condition caused by diminished activity of the pituitary gland resulting in decreased secretion of its hormones.
Produced by the alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Raises blood sugar by stimulating the breakdown of glycogen in the liver.
A condition in which an inadequate amount of potassium is found in the circulating bloodstream.
Condition caused by excessive thryroid gland activity and oversecretion of thyroid hormone.
The adrenocorticotropic hormone secreted by the adenophyophysis that stimulates secretion of corticosteroid hormones by the adrenal cortex.
A hormone of the thyroid gland, derived from tyrosine and deiodinated in the periphery to T3 that stimulates metabolic rate.
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