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13 terms

History Chapter 13 Review

STUDY
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Manifest Destiny
the belief that God intended the United States to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean
Mountain Men
American adventurers and fur trappers in the Rocky Mountains; men hired by eastern companies to trap animals for fur in the Rocky Mountains and other regions of the US
Jedediah Smith
Mountain Man. Best friends were his gun and Bible. 1st white man to enter California by land. Discovered the South Pass (a wagon route from Wyoming to Oregon)
Santa Fe Trail
an important trade route going between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico used from about 1821 to 1880
Stephen Austin
Austin, Texas was named after him; he was the man the brought the first Americans into Texas because he was granted permission by the Mexicans
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)
Jim Bowie
one of the men present at the Alamo; was famous for carrying around a big knife, fell off the battlements during the siege and spent much of the siege in the infirmary
Sam Houston
United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)
The Alamo
Santa Anna's army succeeded in late 1836. His force of 4000 men laid siege to San Antonio, whose 200 Texan defenders retreated into an abandoned mission, the Alamo. After repeated attacks, the remaining 187 Texans including Davy Crockett were wiped out and a few weeks later Mexican troops massacred some 350 Teas prisoners.
Battle of San Jacinto
(1836) Final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas
"Lone Star Republic"
The Texans had carried a flag with a single white star after winning independence, they nicknamed their nation the lone star republic
Annexation
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
James K. Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle Oregon boundary dispute with Britain. wanted to acquire California. wanted to incorporate Texas into union.