71 terms

Texas Transportation Code

General definitions in the Texas Transportation Code
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Operator
as used in reference to a vehicle, a person who drives or has physical control of a vehicle.
Pedestrian
a person on foot
Person
means an individual, firm, partnership, association, or corporation.
School crossing guard
means a person who is at least 18 years old and is designated by a local authority to direct traffic in a school crossing zone.
Department
the department of public safety acting directly or through its authorized officers and agents
Director
the public safety director
Metropolitan area
is an area that contains at least one municipality with a population of at least 100,000 and includes the adjacent municipalities and unincorporated urban districts.
Business district
the territory adjacent to and including a highway if buildings used for business or industrial purposes (hotels, banks, office buildings, etc.) and they are located within a 600ft segment along a highway and within that segment the buildings occupy at least 300ft of frontage
Residence district
a territory other than a business district, adjacent to and including a highway, if at least 300ft of the highway frontage is primarily improved with residences or buildings used for business purposes.
Urban district
the territory adjacent to and including a highway, if the territory is not in a municipality and is improved with structures that are used for business, industry, or dwelling houses and located at intervals of less than 100ft for a distance of at least 1/4 mile on either side of the highway.
Authorized emergency vehicle
a fire department or police vehicle, a public or private ambulance acting in an emergency, specified private vehicles, and a blood bank vehicle not acting in an everyday routine....such as emergency delivery of blood or tissues
Bicycle
a device that person may ride and that is propelled by human power and has two tandem wheels at least one of which is more than 14 inches in diameter.
Bus
a motor vehicle used to transport persons and designed to accommodate more than 10 passengers, including operator. It's also a motor vehicle other than a taxicab used to transport persons for compensation.
Farm tractor
a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement to draw an implement of husbandry including a plow or mowing machine.
House trailer
a trailer or semitrailer that is not a towable recreational vehicle and is transportable on a highway, less than 40ft in length and is built on a permanent chassis.
Implement of husbandry
a vehicle that is designed and adapted for use as a farm implement, machinery, or tool for tilling the soil.
Light truck
a truck, including a pickup turck, panel delivery truck, or carryall truck, that has a manufacturer's rated carrying capacity of 2,000lbs or less.
Moped
a motor driver cycle that cannot attain a speed in one mile of more than 30mph and the engine cannot produce more than two brake horsepower and must be 50cc's or less. Does not shift gears!
Motorcycle
a motor vehicle that is equipped with a rider's saddle and designed to have when propelled not more than three wheels on the ground.
Motor-driven cycle
a motorcycle equipped with a motor that is 250cc's or less. It does not include an electric bicycle.
Motor vehicle
a self-propelled vehicle or a vehicle that is propelled by electric power from overhead trolley wires. An electric bicycle is not included under this section.
Passenger car
a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, used to transport persons and designed to accommodate 10 or fewer passengers, including the operator.
Multifunction school activity bus
a motor vehicle that was manufactured in compliance with the federal motor vehicle safety standards for school buses. Other than routes to and from school!
Pole trailer
a vehicle without motive power that is responsible for carrying an "awkward" load and the rear axle is typically attached by the load itself.
Police vehicle
a vehicle that is used by a peace officer for law enforcement purposes. It can either be owner or leased.
Road tractor
a motor vehicle designed and used to draw another vehicle but not constructed to carry a load independently or part of the weight of the other vehicle or its load.
School activity bus
a bus designed to accommodate more than 15 passengers and typically transfers kids to and from school activities. Does not include transit buses and charter buses.
Semitrailer
a vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer and is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to transport persons or property and constructed so that part of the vehicle's weight and load rests on or is carried by another vehicle.
Special mobile equipment
a vehicle that is not designed or used primarily to transport persons or property and that is only incidentally operated on a highway. These are typically ditch digging apparatus, road construction machinery, and road roller, etc.
Towable recreational vehicle
a non-motorized vehicle that is designed to be towable by a motor vehicle and is for temporary human habitation for uses including recreation camping or seasonal use
Trailer
a vehicle other than a pole trailer with or without motive power and is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to transport persons or property. It also is constructed so that no part of the vehicle's weight and load rests on the motor vehicle.
Truck
a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily to transport property
Truck tractor
a motor vehicle designed and used primarily to draw another vehicle but not constructed to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the other vehicle.
Vehicle
a device that can be used to transport or draw persons or property on a highway. If the machine travels on tracks such as a train... it is not considered a vehicle.
Electric bicycle
a bicycle that is designed to be propelled by an electric motor, exclusively or in combination with the application of human power. An electric bicycle cannot attain a speed of more than 20mph without the application of human power and cannot exceed 100lbs in weight.
Exhaust emission system
a motor vehicle engine modification designed to control or reduce the emission of substances from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine.
Metal tire
is a tire in which the surface that is in contact with the highway is wholly or partly made of metal or other hard non-resilient material.
Muffler
a device that reduces noise using a mechanical design to receive exhaust gas from an engine.
Solid tire
is a tire that is made of only rubber or another resilient material and does not use compressed air to support its load.
Traffic
consists or pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, and conveyances, including vehicles and streetcars, singly or together while using a highway for the purposes of travel.
Alley
is a street that is not used primarily for through traffic and provides access to reat entrances of buildings or lots along a street
Crosswalk
the portion of a roadway including an intersection designated as a pedestrian crossing by surface markings, including lines; or the portion of a roadway at an intersection that is within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.
Freeway
is a divided, controlled-access highway for through traffic.
Freeway main lane
a freeway lane having an uninterrupted flow of through traffic.
Highway or street
the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way any part of which is open to the public for vehicular travel.
Improved shoulder
is a paved shoulder
Laned highway
is a roadway that is divided into at least two clearly marked lanes for vehicular travel.
Limited-access or controlled-access highway
is a highway or roadway to which persons, including owners or occupants of abutting real property, have no right of access; and access by person to enter or exit the highway or roadway is restricted under law except at a place and in the manner determined by the authority that has jurisdiction over the highway or roadway.
Private road or driveway
a privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel and used only by the owner and persons who have the owner's express or implied permission.
Ramp
an interconnecting roadway other than the berm or shoulder that is improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes at least two separate roadways, the term applies to each roadway separately.
Safety zone
the area in a roadway officially designated for exclusive pedestrian use and that is protected or so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while so designated.
School crossing zone
is a reduced speed zone designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public, or private elementary or secondary school during the time the reduced speed limit applies.
School crosswalk
a crosswalk designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school.
Shoulder
the portion of a highway that is adjacent to the roadway and is designed or ordinarily used for parking. It's typically distinguished from the roadway by different design, construction, or marking and is not intended for normal vehicular travel.
Sidewalk
the portion of the street that is between a curb or lateral line of a roadway and the adjacent property line and intended for pedestrian use.
Intersection
the common area at the junction of two highways, other than the junction of an alley and a highway. The roadways that intersect to create an intersection must be at least 30ft apart from one another.
Official traffic control device
is a sign, signal, marking, or device that is placed or erected by a public body or officer having jurisdiction; and used to regulate, warn, or guide traffic.
Traffic-control signal
a manual, electric, or mechanical device that alternately directs traffic to stop and to proceed.
Railroad sign or signal
is a sign, signal, or device erected by a railroad, public body, or public officer to notify traffic of railroad tracks or an approaching railroad train.
Daytime
the period beginning one-half hour before sunrise and ending one-half hour after sunset.
Explosive
is a chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly intended for use or used to produce an explosion and contains ingredients, which may include oxidizing or combustive units, in packing, proportions, etc. Explosive is deemed explosive when the chemical compound, when ignited, could suddenly generate high heated gases that could damage surrounding objects or destroy life or limb.
Flammable liquid
is a liquid that has a flash point of not more than 70 degrees as determined by a Tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
Gross vehicle weight
is the weight of a vehicle and the weight of its load.
Nighttime
the period beginning one-half hour after sunset and ending one-half hour before sunrise.
Park or parking
means to stand an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarily while loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.
Personal injury
an injury to any part of the human body and that requires treatment.
Right-of-way
the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian that is approaching from a direction, at a speed, and within a proximity that could cause a collision unless one grants precedence to the other.
Stand or standing
to halt an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, other than temporarily while receiving or discharging passengers.
Stop or stopping
when required to completely cease movement; and when prohibited to halt, including momentarily halting, an occupied or unoccupied vehicle, unless necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or to comply with the directions of a police officer or a traffic control sign or signal.
Prima Facia speed limits:
o 30 mph in an urban district
o 15 mph in an alley
o 70 mph on a highway numbered by this state or the Unites States outside an urban district
o 60 mph on a highway that is outside an urban district and not a highway numbered by this state or the United States.
o 60 mph for a school bus that has passed inspection
o 50 mph for a school bus that has not passed inspection
o 15 mph on a beach
Measurements of lights on a vehicle
o 24 - 54 inches for a headlamps on a vehicle or motorcycle
o 15 - 72 inches for the height of taillights
o Be advised a car or truck that was manufactured or assembled before the model year 1960 shall be equipped with at least one tail light.