Chapter 10 - Laws, Courts, and Justice
Terms in this set (45)
Which scientific development has shown that some persons sentenced to death actually did not commit the crime?
A court that hears and decides cases tried for the first time has...
The court that requires no qualifications to be a judge is a...
Justice of the Peace
Of the judges of local courts, which must be an attorney licensed to practice law in Texas?
County court at law judge
The duty of a coroner's office in Texas is to...
determine the cause of death in certain circumstances
An operator of an automobile repair shop cannot collect a bill of $426.42 from a customer. Where would the most convenient place be for the operator to sue to recover his money?
Justice of the peace court
The Texas Constitution and state law grant the government the authority to take a person's life, property, and liberty...
under appropriate circumstances
The function of small claims courts in Texas is mainly performed by...
justices of the peace
The validity of a contested will is decided by a...
State district courts have civil jurisdiction in all the following instances, except...
Which of the following courts mainly exercises original jurisdiction?
State District Courts
The type of case appealed directly to the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals is that of a...
Capital felony conviction with imposed death sentence
Texas is divided into ______ appeals court districts?
Which of the following courts lacks criminal jurisdiction?
Texas Supreme Court
Disputes concerning business contracts, divorce, family matters and personal injury involve...
The Texas Supreme Court would not hear an appeal if the...
case involved a school bond election
In Texas, nearly all judges are chosen by a...
The short-term method for relieving overcrowded court dockets in Texas is to...
bring in a temporary judge or use an ADR
A citizen who believes an attorney has behaved unethically while representing him or her should file a complaint with the...
Commission on judicial conduct
The Texas Supreme Court does all the following, except...
fill vacancies in state district courts when they arise
To be a practicing attorney in the State of Texas, a lawyer must be...
a member of the State Bar of Texas
The State Bar of Texas performs all the following functions, except...
Rate and publish the qualifications of lawyers
The term misdemeanor refers to a...
crime less serious than a felony
A lawyer's compensation based on a percentage of a winning lawsuit is known as a...
Petit or trial juries in Texas are composed of __________ members.
either six or twelve
Grand juries in Texas are composed of __________ members.
Indictments are prepared in grand jury proceedings if at least _________ members decide that there is enough evidence to warrant a trial.
The instrument that formally accuses a person of having committed a high felony and orders that person to trial is a(n)...
Qualifications for serving on a trial jury in Texas include all the following except...
be able to read and write English.
The process by which attorneys question potential jurors is called...
A case involving a business contract falls under which branch of law?
The minimum sentence for a capital felony is...
life without parole
What are the stated purposes for which Texas imprisons felons?
To punish, rehabilitate and isolate offenders, and deter crime
According to statistics compiled by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, two characteristics shared by inmates in state prisons are...
poor education levels and substance abuse
Rehabilitation of Texas prison inmates is most likely to be successful if the inmate...
Goes through the state release procedures
Law made by legislative bodies is called...
What is the mission of the Texas Commission on Jail Standards?
To enforce minimum health and safety requirements for county jails
County jails are employed for all of the following purposes in Texas except to...
confine persons who are unable to pay their civil debts
Juvenile courts are considered __________ rather than criminal courts.
The term adjudication hearing refers to __________ in juvenile law.
Both TDCJ and TYC collect DNA samples of all inmates convicted of a...
The agency created to investigate complaints regarding faulty evidence in a criminal case is the...
Texas Forensic Science Commission
Wrongful imprisonment by the state in Texas...
has been shown to be a possibility
A collection of laws relating to the same subject and presented in an organized manner is called a(n)...
A court that has specific authority to decide a particular type of case has...
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