Unit 4 Part 1 Antebellum Era
Terms in this set (25)
The first major opening up of American suffrage (voting rights) by Jackson's new Democratic Party in 1830s. Franchise extended to all white men (not just rich white men). Achieved by state legislation not constitutional amendment.
A sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by the Ordinance of Nullification, an attempt by the state of South Carolina to nullify a federal law - the tariff of 1828 - passed by the United States Congress.
Common Man Era
The presidency of Andrew Jackson, which is characterized by an expansion of white male suffrage, mass politics, and opposition to the Eastern elites.
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties enacted under this act's provisions paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West.
Period before the Civil War.
Second Great Awakening
A wave of Protestant Christian religious fervor that swept the nation. It converted more than the first. It also had an effect on moral movements such as prison reform, the temperance movement, and moral reasoning against slavery.
Seneca Falls Convention
Took place in upperstate New York in 1848. Women of all ages and even some men went to discuss the rights and conditions of women. There, they wrote the Declaration of Sentiments, which among other things, tried to get women the right to vote.
Movement in the 18th and 19th centuries in America to eliminate slavery.
A social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Consisted of mostly women reformers who believed alcohol was the root of social problems such as poverty and domestic abuse.
Nat Turner's Rebellion
A slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831. It was countered by violent retaliation and the strengthening of black codes, further restricting the rights of free blacks to assemble or receive an education.
American Anti-Slavery Society
Abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, who advocated the immediate abolition of slavery. By 1838, the organization had more than 250,000 members across 1,350 chapters.
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole.
The pursuit of interests that are of special concern to the region or section of the country.
The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
James K. Polk
Democratic president from 1845 to 1849; nicknamed "Young Hickory" because of his close political and personal ties to Andrew Jackson, he pursued an aggressive foreign policy that led to the Mexican War, settlement of the Oregon issue, and the acquisition of the Mexican Cession.
A policy that calls for expanding a nation's boundaries.
A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific, and that expansion across the continent was both justified and inevitable.
"Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"
A slogan used in the 1844 Democratic presidential campaign as a call for the U.S. annexation of the entire Oregon Territory.
Oregon Treaty of 1846
After years of conflict over ownership of the Pacific Northwest, the U.S. and Britain established the boundary at 49° latitude, essentially splitting the Oregon Country down the middle.
Republic of Texas
Faced with restrictions on slavery, Americans in Texas rebelled and proclaimed an independent republic, from 1836-1845. Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845, after years of opposition and debate over the creation of a new slave state.
(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
Treaty signed by the U.S. and Mexico that officially ended the Mexican-American War; Mexico had recognize the Texas border as the Rio Grande and had to give up much of its northern territory to the U.S (Mexican Cession); in exchange the U.S. gave Mexico $15 million.
Included the territories of California, Utah Territory, and New Mexico. this massive land grab was significant because the question of extending slavery into newly acquired territories had become the leading national political issue.
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator. In 1828, he created the doctrine of nullification which said that a state could decide if a law was constitutional. This situation became known as the Nullification Crisis.
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