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Arts and Humanities
Music Appreciation: Classical Exam 2
Terms in this set (73)
Beethoven's symphonies, sonatas, and quartets are performed in concert and on radio more than those of any other classical composer.
What personal adversity did Beethoven struggle to overcome during his adult life?
This composer was born in Bonn, Germany, but eventually moved to Vienna, where he began his career working as a piano virtuoso. It was not unusual for audiences to be so moved by the expressive style of his playing that many broke down with loud sobbing.
Which composition suggests passion and pathos?
Piano Sonata, Op. 13, the Pathétique
Where did Beethoven generally play his Piano Sonata, Op. 13, the Pathétique?
in the homes and palaces of the Viennese aristocracy
As an expression of despair over the onset of deafness, Beethoven wrote the... as something akin to a last will
the Heiligenstadt Testament
Which one of Beethoven's nine symphonies changed the historical direction of the symphony?
Symphony No. 3, the "Eroica"
Which symphony did Beethoven initially dedicate to Napoleon Bonaparte?
Symphony No. 3, the "Eroica"
Which composition conveys a sense of psychological progression over the course of its four movements? An imaginative listener could describe this progression as moving from a fateful encounter with elemental forces, through a period of quiet soul-searching, followed by a further wrestling with the elements, and, finally, a triumphant victory over the forces of Fate.
Beethoven, Symphony No. 5
What is the literal meaning of the Italian word "scherzo"?
Most of Beethoven's late works are symphonies.
While Beethoven stayed within the bounds of Classical forms, his great urge for personal expression caused him to expand their length.
Beethoven's works became the standard against which subsequent composers of the Romantic era measured their worth.
Which word describes a type or class of music?
Which genre of orchestral music typically consists of four movements, all of which are normally written in the same key but are usually thematically independent?
The dramatic increase in public concerts increased the popularity of which musical genre?
Which composer from the Classical period wrote 41 symphonies?
As a genre, the symphony became so dominant that eventually its name was associated with the performing ensemble (from "orchestra" to "symphony orchestra") as well as to the concert hall ("symphony hall").
Identify the incorrect statement regarding the orchestra during the Classical period.
regardless of audience size, the ensemble was consistently around 45 musicians
While this composition conveys an introspective mood of tragedy and despair, it is not related to a specific biographic event in the composer's life. It was first performed in a casino, perhaps consoling those who had just lost a bundle of cash.
Mozart's symphony No. 40
Which composer's works are organized by Köchel (K) number to assist in identification?
Which genre is primarily intended for a small audience or just for the performers themselves?
Who is considered the "father of the string quartet"?
The number and form of the movements in a Classical string quartet are most similar to what other genre?
Haydn and Mozart developed a lasting friendship while performing... together.
Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?
During the Classical period men usually played string instruments such as the violin or cello, but women generally played the:
Which genre was typically in three movements (fast-slow-fast) and played by amateur musicians to entertain their family, friends, and potential suitors in the intimacy of their own homes?
Which form was not used as a movement in Classical sonatas?
Which genre, composed for instrumental soloist and orchestra, often lured audiences to concerts in order to hear stunning displays of musical virtuosity?
Which statement is not reflective of the changes that occurred in opera during the Classical period?
scenes with more than one character singing at a time in a vocal ensemble were avoided
Which musical element typifies the more democratic spirit and faster, more realistic dramatic pacing of late eighteenth-century opera?
What is the term for German comic opera?
The forms commonly used by composers during the Classical period (ternary rondo, sonata-allegro, theme and variations) were limited to that time period. Subsequent composers found these musical structures too confining for their creativity.
What term identifies the standard repertoire of Western classical music-works that have become audience favorites and as a result are frequently performed in concert halls?
Identify the two movements of a symphony that are traditionally played in a fast tempo
First and fourth
Which two movements of a Classical symphony did composers often write in theme and variation or rondo form?
Second and fourth
Which form features the idea of statement-contrast-repetition?
As a rule, the minuet and trio is a work in.....?
Identify the false statement about the minuet.
always coupled with a three-part fugue
Eine kleine Nachtmusick (A Little Night Music) is an example of a(n):
Which musical form-like most stories, plays, and films-has the stereotypical form of dramatic presentation, conflict, and resolution?
Identify the musical form that consists of an exposition, development, and recapitulation.
A sonata is a genre of music usually involving a solo instrument whereas sonata- allegro is a form giving structure to a single movement.
The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:
This theme, often consisting of rapid figural patterns (scales, arpeggios, and melodic sequences) carries the music from the tonic to the dominant and prepares for the arrival of the second theme.
In sonata--allegro form, the second theme is usually composed in a mood or musical style that contrasts with the first.
When does most of the musical drama occur during a movement in sonata-- allegro form?
The recapitulation is an exact, note-for-note repetition of the exposition.
Which section of sonata-allegro form is slow, stately, and filled with ominous or puzzling chords?
Which form often uses folksongs or patriotic melodies as its principle idea?
theme and variations
Who was the first composer to include theme and variations form as a movement in a symphony?
What provided the musical surprise in Haydn's Symphony No. 94?
a fortissimo chord
Rondo form is one of the oldest musical forms and can be traced back to the Middle Ages.
In rondo form, the A sections are called:
Which form consists of a refrain alternating with contrasting material?
The....is a showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in a concerto. It usually incorporates rapid runs, arpeggios, and bits of previously heard themes into a fantasy-like improvisation.
The Classical period spans the years between.....
Which individual is not a representative composer from the Classical period?
Which culture particularly fascinated artists in the Classical era?
ancient Greek and Roman
Which term is synonymous with that period in philosophy and letters known as the Enlightenment?
Age of reason
Identify the pair of authors who wrote influential articles in French encyclopedias and were considered important Enlightenment philosophers.
Voltaire and Rousseau
Which idea was not championed by Enlightenment philosophers?
The opportunity for middle-class citizens to pay an admission fee and attend a public concert on a regular basis dates from the Classical era.
Identify the statement regarding comic opera (opera buffa) that is incorrect.
it was grandiose, somewhat stiff, and expensive to produce
Which musical genre from the Classical period reflected many of the social changes occurring during the time?
What innovation made the piano such a popular instrument?
it could play at more than one dynamic level
The Viennese School, the progenitor of the modern music conservatory (college of music), was organized by Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven for the purpose of teaching aspiring musicians the art of musical composition and performance.
This wealthy family is chiefly remembered today because of their association with Haydn. They maintained their own private orchestra and opera theater that Haydn directed for close to thirty years.
Identify the incorrect statement regarding the London Symphonies?
due to a shady legal contract, the composer never earned a penny for these masterpieces
This long-lived composer, who wrote more than 100 symphonies as well as many other works, was the chief creator of the mature Classical style.
Mozart was born in... a mountain town where his father played violin in the archbishop's private orchestra.
The most famous child prodigy in the history of music, as a youth this composer traveled the breadth of Europe and was exposed to a wealth of musical traditions that as an adult he synthesized into a new, international style. As a result, he is widely regarded as the most universal composer in the history of Western music.
What instruments play the opening melody in the third movement of Brahms's Symphony No. 3?
which statement describes the voices of the first movement of Bachs cantata No. 140?
Charlie: Why should I? I can't be any worse off than I was before. Even Algernon is still smart and as long as he's up there, I'm in good shape... at least intellectually.
what aspects of the music express the fear and the terror of this text in part 2?
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