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The Geometric Period and the 7th Century
Terms in this set (23)
Why is the period after the end of the Late Bronze Age (c. 1100 B.C.) called the Dark Age?
Because we have little evidence from this period
What have studies suggested concerning the population and economy of Greece during the Dark Age period?
It declined heavily and people moved to West Turkey
What are the dates of the Geometric Period?
900 - 700 B.C.
The Geometric Period follows the Dark Age. Why is this period called "Geometric"?
Because a lot of the art is geometric in shapes and style
During the Mycenaean period, inhumation was the prominent method of disposing of the dead in a grave. What new custom for burial remains appears in the Geometric Period (and continues along with inhumation)?
Cremation starts to happen at the same time as burial
Briefly describe the type of distinctive decorations found on Geometric pottery. Be able to identify Geometric pottery.
Lots of shapes, no open spaces, people are arbitrary shapes
Be able to identify and date to the Geometric Period the Dipylon Amphora shown in class (and pictured in your text). How was this vase actually used? (In other words, for what did the Athenian family use this particular vase?)
It was used to mark a grave
Was the Dipylon Amphora utilized for a man or a woman?
Describe the main scene (with people) depicted on the Dipylon Amphora.
It was a woman in her prime shrouded
Was the patron of the vase wealthy or poor?
In which city was the vase manufactured.
Where was the Dipylon Krater (shown in class) manufactured?
Is the Dipylon Krater dated to the same general period as the Dipylon Amphora?
How was the Dipylon Krater actually used?
To mark a grave
Was the vase used for a man or a woman? Was the patron of the vase wealthy or poor?
During which major period (Geometric, 7th century, Archaic) are we able to unquestionably identify myths for the first time?
During the 7th Century
Vases from which city were most popular during the 7th century (and exported to different parts of the Mediterranean)?
How do the motifs found on these vases differ from motifs on Geometric vases?
They were less stylized, but with bands
Be able to identify vases made in the city you noted above (# 9) and date them to the 7th century.
Bands of animals and war scenes
The main scene on the top of the Chigi Vase (shown in class and pictured in your text) illustrates a military formation. What is the name of the military formation? (This is the earliest evidence of such a formation and thus shows us that the formation had developed by this time.)
The Phalanx Formation
Briefly, why was a better economy a major reason for the development of this military formation?
More people to be in the army and do this formation
We can regularly identify myths for the first time on vases manufactured in the 7th century (whether they were manufactured in Corinth, Athens or elsewhere). Vases made in Athens/Attica during the 7th century often had large scenes derived from myth. Be able to briefly describe the scene on the neck of the Attic amphora with Hercules/Heracles and the centaur Netos (shown in class and pictured in your text).
Ajax and Achilles playing chess
How do we know with certainty that this character is Hercules?
Lion marking or it's labeled
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