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HISTORY: Chapters 25-28
Terms in this set (29)
1. Which of the following is a cause of the stock market crash of 1929? A. too many people invested in the market
B. investors made risky investments with borrowed money
C. the federal government invested heavily in business stock
D. World War I created optimal conditions for an eventual crash
2. Which of the following groups would not be considered "the deserving poor" by social welfare groups and humanitarians in the 1930s?
A. vagrant children
B. unemployed workers
C. stock speculators
D. single mothers
4. Which of the following protests was directly related to federal policies, and thus had the greatest impact in creating a negative public perception of the Hoover presidency?
A. the Farm Holiday Association
B. the Ford Motor Company labor strikes
C. the Bonus Expeditionary Force
D. the widespread appearance of "Hooverville" shantytowns
5. Which of the following groups or bodies did not offer direct relief to needy people?
A. the federal government
B. local police and schoolteachers
C. churches and synagogues
D. wealthy individuals
7. Which of the following hardships did African Americans not typically face during the Great Depression?
A. lower farm wages in the South
B. the belief that white workers needed jobs more than their black counterparts
C. white workers taking historically "black" jobs, such as maids and janitors
D. widespread race riots in large urban centers
8. Which of the following was not a key factor in the conditions that led to the Dust Bowl?
A. previous overcultivation of farmland
B. decreasing American demand for farm produce
C. unfavorable weather conditions
D. poor farming techniques regarding proper irrigation and acreage rotation
10. Which assessment of Herbert Hoover's presidency is most accurate?
A. Hoover's policies caused the stock market crash and subsequent depression.
B. Although he did not cause the stock market crash, Hoover deserves criticism for his inadequate response to it.
C. Hoover pledged a great deal of direct federal aid to unemployed Americans, overtaxing the federal budget and worsening the financial crisis.
D. Hoover disapproved of American capitalism and therefore attempted to forestall any concrete solutions to the Depression
11. Which of the following phrases best characterizes Herbert Hoover's foreign policy agenda?
A. interventionist, in terms of unwanted interference in other nations' affairs
B. militaristic, in terms of strengthening American armed forces
C. isolationist, in terms of preventing America's interaction with other nations
D. mutual respect, in terms of being available to support others when called upon, but not interfering unnecessarily in their affairs
1. Which of the following best describes Roosevelt's attempts to push his political agenda in the last months of Hoover's presidency?
A. Roosevelt spoke publicly on the issue of direct relief.
B. Roosevelt met privately with Hoover to convince him to institute certain policy shifts before his presidency ended.
C. Roosevelt awaited his inauguration before introducing any plans. D. Roosevelt met secretly with members of Congress to attempt to win their favor.
2. Which of the following policies did Roosevelt not include among his early ideas for a New Deal?
A. public works
B. government regulation of the economy
C. elimination of the gold standard
D. aid to farmers
4. Which of the following was not a policy undertaken by the NIRA? A. agreement among industries to set prices
B. agreement among industries to reinvest profits into their firms
C. agreement among industries to set production levels
D. recognition of the right of workers to form unions
5. What type of help did the CWA provide?
A. direct relief
B. farm refinancing
C. bank reform
D. employment opportunities
8. Which of the following statements accurately describes Mary McLeod Bethune?
A. She was a prominent supporter of the Townsend Plan.
B. She was a key figure in the NYA.
C. She was Eleanor Roosevelt's personal secretary.
D. She was a labor organizer
9. The Social Security Act borrowed some ideas from which of the following?
A. the Townsend Plan
B. the Division of Negro Affairs
C. the Education Trust
D. the NIRA
10. What was the first New Deal agency to hire women openly?
A. the NRA
B. the WPA
C. the AAA
D. the TVA
1. The United States Senator who led the noninterventionists in Congress and called for neutrality legislation in the 1930s was ________. A. Gerald P. Nye
B. Robert Wagner
C. George C. Marshall
D. Neville Chamberlain
3. During World War II, unionized workers agreed ________.
A. to work without pay
B. to go without vacations or days off
C. to live near the factories to save time commuting
D. to keep production going by not striking
4. The program to recruit Mexican agricultural workers during World War II was the ________.
A. bracero program
B. maquiladora program
C. brazzos program
D. campesino program
6. Which of the following demands did the Soviet Union make of Britain and the United States?
A. the right to try all Nazi war criminals in the Soviet Union
B. the invasion of North Africa to help the Soviet Union's ally Iraq
C. the invasion of western Europe to draw German forces away from the Soviet Union
D. the right to place Communist Party leaders in charge of the German government
9. Which of the following islands had to be captured in order to provide a staging area for U.S. bombing raids against Japan?
B. Iwo Jima
1. Truman referred to his program of economic and social reform as the ________.
A. New Deal
B. Square Deal
C. Fair Deal
D. Straight Deal
2. Which of the following pieces of Truman's domestic agenda was rejected by Congress?
A. the Taft-Hartley Act
B. national healthcare
C. the creation of a civil rights commission
D. funding for schools
4. What was the policy of trying to limit the expansion of Soviet influence abroad?
5. The Truman administration tried to help Europe recover from the devastation of World War II with the ________.
A. Economic Development Bank
B. Atlantic Free Trade Zone
C. Byrnes Budget
D. Marshall Plan
7. The name of the first manmade satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957, was ________.
8. The first Levittown was built ________.
A. in Bucks County, Pennsylvania
B. in Nassau County, New York
C. near Newark, New Jersey
D. near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
10. The disc jockey who popularized rock and roll was ________.
A. Bill Haley
B. Elvis Presley
C. Alan Freed
D. Ed Sullivan
12. The NAACP lawyer who became known as "Mr. Civil Rights" was ________.
A. Earl Warren
B. Jackie Robinson
D. Thurgood Marshall
13. The Arkansas governor who tried to prevent the integration of Little Rock High School was ________.
A. Charles Hamilton Houston
B. Kenneth Clark
D. Clark Clifford
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