Age, fatigue,neurological function, gender, attention, previous experience, family and social support, spiritual factors, cultural factors, meaning of pain, anxiety, depression, coping style. It is described by the client only. PQRSTU--Precipitating factors, quality, relieving factors, region/location (superficial, deep visceral, referred, radiating), severity, timing (onset, duration, pattern), effect on patient, concomitant sxs Maintaing wellness
-sense of well-being, warm baths, personal hygiene, rest, sleep patterns, social isolation/loss, mobility limits, OT, impact on sexuality, individualized pain therapy
Non-pharmacological pain-relief measures. Pt's most likely to benefit are those who find it appealing, those who express anxiety or fear, those who will benefit from avoiding drug therapy. those who will need prolonged coping. Those who have incomplete pain relief with use of pharmacological therapies.