Health basic Nutrition - includes vitamins and carbohydrates and others.
Terms in this set (35)
(5000 IU) Is the maintenance of healthy skin , eyes , bones , hair and teeth
(400 IU ) Assists in the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus for strong bone and teeth
( 30 IU ) As an antioxidant, helps protect cell membranes,lipoproteins, fats , and vitamin A from destructive oxidation. Also helps red blood cells.
Needed for proper ( healthy, good ) blood clotting ( instead of the bad)
or sugars are present in fruits, vegietables and milk .
or starches are found in rice other grains, seeds , nuts, and legumes, and potatoes;during digestion starches break down into sugars
is a simple sugar and the body's main fuel.
glucose that is not used is stored in the liver and muscle as a starch like substance. Later when the glucose is needed this is converted back into glucose.
is not a nutrient and a special form of complex carbohydrate ( helps prevent constipation , appendictus, and other itestioninal problems.) Helps move waste throught the digestion system. Offers a feeling of fullness
nutrients that help build and maintain body tissues which are made up of Amino Acids . Provides 4 calories per gram.
foods which contain all the essential amino acids that the body needs and in the proper amount ( Fish , meat , eggs , yogurt, and cheese)
are foods that lack some of the essential amino acids (nuts , wholegrains, seeds and bread)
Most concentrated form of energy and are a type of lipid .Provides 9 calories per gram ( carry vitamins A , D , E and K into your blood , add flavor to your food, helps to satisfy your hunger , protects your vital organs)
a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water
occur mainly in animal products such as beef , pork , egg yolks, and dairy foods. Also found in tropical oils ( coconut oil and palm oil for example )
these are your vegetable fate ( olive oil, conola oil , soybean oil etc.) Helps reduce risk of heart disease
the adding of mixing hydrogen atoms and makes them more saturated and firmer in texture ( the fat)
a fat like substance produced in the liver of all animals ( humans can not make this in their livers)
Stands for High Density lipoprotein and does not stay in your body. This is the "good" type of cholesterol
Stands for Low Density lipoprotein and builds up in your body and creates clots. This is the "bad" type of cholesterol
Healthy level of cholesterol
200 or less then
compounds that regulate many vital body processes including the digestion , absorption and metabolism of other nutrients
(vitamin C and 8 vitamin B complex) Dissolve in water and pass into blood stream and are exerted in urine. You must replenish these vitamins food you eat.
Fat- soluble vitamins
transported by fat and are stored in the body's fatty tissue , liver and kidneys to much build up can cause damage
are inorganic substances that the body cannot manufacture but that act as catalysts, regulating many vital body processes
important for energy and and is in the blood ( is a mineral )
important for bone strength and preventing blood clot usually found dairy products
Sodium , Chloride and potassium / electrolytes
become electrically charged when in solution (body fluids ) : sodium and potassium maintain balance of fluid in body cells
makes up 50 to 70 % of your body and is a regulator and is vital to every body function : carries nutrients to your cells and transports waste from your cells , enables you to swallow and digest food , eliminates waste, and helps cool your body down through perspiration.
formed in numerous metabolic reactions , destroy genes and cells.
the process by which the body takes in and uses food.
are substances in food that your body needs to function-to grow properly,repair yourself,and supply you with energy.
a natural drive that provents you from starvation.
not a need but a desire and is controlled by your enviroment ( affected by cultural background or religion , amount of physical activity and your emotions )
is not a nutrient but a special type of complex carbohydrate