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Physical Education Finals Study Guide
Terms in this set (91)
Which major muscle group does the bench press and push ups strengthen?
Which major muscle group do leg extensions strengthen?
Which major muscle group do leg curls strengthen?
Which major muscle group do curl-ups strengthen?
Abdominal muscles and obliques
Which major muscle group do dumbbell curls strengthen?
Which exercise strengthens the gluteals?
Where does the body's primary source of energy come from?
A cardiovascular fitness workout lasting 30 minutes applies which part of the FIT principle?
What is flexibility?
Ability to move body joints through a full range of motion
What are three ways you can apply the overload principle?
Progression, duration, time
What is a target heart rate zone?
The heart rate you want to achieve through exercise
What is a muscular contraction involving movement of a body part through a full range of motion called?
Participating in cardiovascular activities at least 3 times per week is an example of which part of the FIT principle?
What does progression mean?
Gradual increase in frequency, intensity, time
How did American youth change because of today's lifestyle?
They have become obese and unfit
What is made up of muscle, bones, ligaments, and tendons?
Lean body mass
What statement is true about weight control?
Caloric expenditure needs to overcome caloric consumption to control your weight
What are the health hazards that are related to excessive body fat?
Heart disease, high blood pressure
What is true about weight training?
Females do not build muscles as fast as males
If Sally is attempting to develop muscular endurance in her legs, the most beneficial range of repetitions she should perform in her three sets of leg extensions is...
A minimum of how many minutes of exercise is required to achieve any benefits through aerobic exercise?
What is the procedure of increasing weight loads every several weeks called?
What would be beneficial to a strength training session?
High resistance and low repetition
What is the primary difference between muscular strength and muscular endurance training?
Amount of weight and the number of repetitions
Muscular strength exercises such as sprinting and power lifting use which type of muscle fibers?
What is the ability of muscles to exert a force one time known as?
Which fitness test measure your cardiovascular system?
What is a type of muscular fitness that is developed by low resistance and high repetitions called?
What should goals for your physical fitness program be?
Specific and realistic
How does record keeping help to motivate you to keep exercising?
Measures progress and serves as a motivator
What should creating a maintenance goal for health related fitness components include?
Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility and body composition
What is heart disease frequently related to?
High levels of cholestrol
In designing your total fitness program, you should be concerned with which behaviors?
Health related activity, sports, nutritions
What are the only health risk factors which can be controlled?
Inactivity, cigar smoking, high blood pressure, stress
Jogging benefits which area of health related fitness the most?
What could have the greatest negative influence, or impact, on body image based on the number of comparisons or image?
The Target Heart Zone for the individual exercising above is between...
145~175 beats per minute
Which formula is best for calculating a person's Maximum Heart Rate?
What does specificity mean?
Improvements in various fitness areas require specific kinds of activitiies
As a person gets older, the acceptable range of body fat percentage...
Stays the same
What is the greatest health risk factor which a person can control?
What is the formula 220-age-resting pulse * 60% + resting pulse used to determine?
Target heart rate
Why does flexibility decrease with age?
Body Mass Index can be misleading when interpreting results because...
It does not consider muscle development
How can Resting Heart Rate be best determined?
By checking your pulse when you wake up
What should you do to increase flexibility?
What is not a benefit of warming up before beginning to exercise?
Lowering heart rate
What is the correct order for the 3 stages of warming up?
Large muscle activity, static stretching, activity specific stretching
What is a safety consideration for weight training?
Warming up, using a spotter, full range of motion
What are the factors you should consider before starting a training program?
Medical history, present health
Why is cooling down important?
To prevent blood pooling
Which is the most serious heat related illness?
Describe the symptoms of heat stroke
Dry flushed skin, no swelling, unsteady walking
When exercising in hot weather, what causes the body's internal temperature to rise?
Lack of evaporation on skin surface
What is an excessive decline in body temperature called?
What are some symptoms that you may have when developing heat exhaustion?
Heavy sweating, fatigue, dizziness
What is a light weight, light colored clothing important while exercising in hot weather?
Reflective, sweat evaporates, allows air movement
How does regular exercise help teens deal with changes in their lives?
Maintaining long term cardiovascular conditioning may prevent which type of cardiovascular health risk?
Buildup of fatty deposits on artery walls
How long should a person exercise most days of the week?
Which fitness test measure your body composition?
Weight and height
The ability of the heart, blood, blood vessels, and the respiratory system to supply oxygen and necessary fuel to the muscles during exercise is called what?
A person's basal metabolic rate (BMR) slows down as the grow older. What is one way to increase the BMR?
Weight lifting, aerobic exercises
Participating in cardiovascular exercise will result in what?
Lowers resting heart rate
What is a normal range for a resting heart rate?
50~100 beats per minute
How can writing your goals down on a timeline help you?
It shows control and organization
How should you evaluate your fitness program to discover the improvements you are making?
What is a reason to develop an individualized exercise program?
More likely to follow it
What is important prior to beginning a personal fitness program?
Do a fitness assessment, set goals, medical exam
When you begin a fitness program you should select activities based on...
Ares of fitness to improve, activities you enjoy
Three principles of training that should be followed in developing your personal fitness program are?
Overload, progression, specificity
To obtain the cardiorespiratory benefits of aerobic exercise,m you should exercise how many times a week?
How frequently should flexibility exercises be performed for best results?
What are health-related fitness components?
cardio respiratory fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility and body composition
What is true about benefits from participation in sports activities?
Good for health related fitness
The quickest and most effective way to develop muscular strength and endurance is?
Which set of exercises would best help you increase your flexibility?
Which environmental factors should be considered before selecting activities for your personal fitness program?
Air pollution, weather, personal safety
Which is true about goal setting?
Make realistic goals
Which following set of exercises would best help you develop muscular strength?
Squats, bicep curls, weight training
Which following set of exercises would best help you develop cardiovascular endurance?
Jogging, cycling, swimming
Which activity is the best aerobic exercise?
A good lifetime sport for young people to learn would be?
Swimming is a good exercise for older individuals because?
No strain on joints
Which fitness test measures flexibility
Sit and reach
Older adults need to include weight training as a part of their exercise program because?
Improve posture, weight management, reduce fatigue
Which fitness test measures upper body strength?
The activity that contributes least to weight loss is?
Individuals in this country are becoming more fat than they have been at any time in the past because of?
Less physical activity
Muscles do which to exert force?
Which connects muscle to bone?
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Health - Substance Abuse Unit
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