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Education Law

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Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Title II
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Is a written education plan for a student with disabilities developed by a team of professionals and the child's parents or caregivers. An IEP is based on a multidisciplinary evaluation of the child. Each IEP is reviewed and updated yearly. IEPs are required under Public Law 94-142, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
This law was passed into legislation during the Ford administration in 1975. This law was created to ensure a free and appropriate education is provided to handicapped children and adults ages 3-21. The term "least restrictive environment" originated with this law; it states that handicapped persons must be educated, to the maximum extent possible, with their regular peers. Special education programs and meetings to determine special education eligibility and placement are regulated by the original Pubic Law 94-142 and more recent iterations of the law.