WH - Unit 6 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (38)
one tenth of annual produce or earnings, formerly taken as a tax for the support of the church and clergy.
Pope has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise
institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular reception of the sacraments
excommunicated all people within a ruler's realm.
the denial of basic Church doctrines
bones or other objects connected with saints; Considered to be worthy of worship by the faithful
Military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by western European Christians and sanctioned by the Catholic Church in response to Muslim wars of expansion. Their objectives were to check the spread of Islam, to retake control of the Holy Land in the eastern Mediterranean, to conquer pagan areas, and to recapture formerly Christian territories; Seen by many of their participants as a means of redemption and forgiveness for sins.
unbelievers; a term applied to Muslims during the Crusades
the study of religion and God
language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region.
a break out of the Bubonic Plague which wiped out 1/3 of the European population, and impacted surrounding Afro-Eurasian areas between 1347 and 1351; resulted in breakdown of feudalism and loss of faith in the Church.
the appointment of bishops, abbots and other church officials by feudal lords and vassals, instead of the Pope
the debate between the Catholic Church which resulted in multiple popes claiming to be the true leader of Christendom at the same time.
Concordat of Worms
Agreement between Holy Roman Emperor Henry V and Pope Calixtus II settling the investiture conflict, a struggle between the Empire and the papacy over control of Church offices.
Hundred Years' War
100+ year conflict between England and France in the 14th-15th century over a series of disputes, including the question of the legitimate succession to the French crown and territory which resulted in the end of medieval Europe and dismantling of the feudal system, leaving Europe to be dominated by strong monarchies
lived generally to the north and east of the Gauls (France). Invaded Rome, Lived as clans, Always fighting.
was an official commissioned by the Frankish king or Holy Roman Emperor to supervise the administration, mainly of justice, in lands ruled.
William the Conqueror
Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087. The descendant of Viking raiders
ceremonies that point to what is sacred, significant and important for Christians.
Battle of Hastings (1066)
King Harold II of England is defeated by the Norman forces of William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings
Time period began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery
Magna Carta (1215)
Charter of liberties King John signed promoting freedoms to English Lords. Limited power of the monarchy.
a self-sustaining town including a lord and serfs who belong to the land
Frankish King who united Germanic Tribes
Frankish King who united Germanic Tribes, was crowned "Holy Roman Emperor" by the pope in 800.
a domed monument originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) in the sixth century A.D.
Scandinavian seafaring warriors who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the 9th to the 11th century and whose disruptive influence profoundly affected European history, notably the creation of feudalism and castles.
a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties, caused by differences in opinion or belief.
Edict of Milan
Passed by Constantine in 313 AD a proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire.
Laws of the Twelve Tables
First codification of Roman Law, which only applied to citizens. Once a law was made public (and carving it into stone was about as public as it got), the law was known to everyone.
English Legislative body in charge of making laws
nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection.
heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty
the medieval knightly system with its religious, moral, and social code
was an official commissioned by the Frankish king or Holy Roman Emperor to supervise the administration, mainly of justice in lands ruled.
when the use of religious images or icons was opposed by religious and imperial authorities within the Eastern Church and the temporal imperial hierarchy.
Constantine I (the Great)
the first Roman emperor to profess Christianity. He not only initiated the evolution of the empire into a Christian state but also provided the impulse for a distinctively Christian culture that prepared the way for the growth of Byzantine and Western medieval culture.
Law of Nations
Roman Empire's customary rules that determine the rights that regulate the intercourse of independent countries in peace and war
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