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Terms in this set (22)
acetaZOLAMIDE Acetazolamide (Brand Name: Diamox) is a "water pill" (diuretic) used to prevent and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. Acetazolamide is also used with other medications to treat a certain type of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is available in generic form.
Can be confused with acetoHexamide Acetohexamide lowers blood sugar by stimulating the pancreas to secrete insulin and helping the body use insulin efficiently. The pancreas must produce insulin for this medication to work. For this reason, acetohexamide is not used to treat diabetes mellitus type 1.
buPROPion Bupropion is an antidepressant medication used to treat major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder. The Zyban brand of bupropion is used to help people stop smoking by reducing cravings and other withdrawal effects. Bupropion may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide
Can be confused with busPIRone Buspirone is an anti-anxiety medicine that affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety. Buspirone is used to treat symptoms of anxiety, such as fear, tension, irritability, dizziness, pounding heartbeat, and other physical symptoms.
chloroproMAZINE . Chlorpromazine is used to treat psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia or manic-depression in adults. Chlorpromazine is also used in adults to treat nausea and vomiting, anxiety before surgery, chronic hiccups, acute intermittent porphyria, and symptoms of tetanus.
Can be confused with chloroproPAMIDE Chlorpropamide is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. It may also be used with other diabetes medications. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems.
DAUNOrubicin Daunorubicin is also used with other chemotherapy drugs to treat a certain type of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL; a type of cancer of the white blood cells). Daunorubicin is in a class of medications called anthracyclines. It works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells in your body.
Can be confused with DOXOrubicin Doxorubicin is a type of chemotherapy drug called an anthracycline. It slows or stops the growth of cancer cells by blocking an enzyme called topo isomerase 2. Cancer cells need this enzyme to divide and grow. You might have doxorubicin in combination with other chemotherapy drugs.
DOBUTamine Dobutamine is used to treat acute but potentially reversible heart failure, such as which occurs during cardiac surgery or in cases of septic or cardiogenic shock, on the basis of its positive inotropic action. Dobutamine can be used in cases of congestive heart failure to increase cardiac output.
Can be confused with DOPamine Dopamine is a type of neurotransmitter. Your body makes it, and your nervous system uses it to send messages between nerve cells. That's why it's sometimes called a chemical messenger. Dopamine plays a role in how we feel pleasure.
EPINEPHrine Epinephrine, more commonly known as adrenaline, is a hormone secreted by the medulla of the adrenal glands. Strong emotions such as fear or anger cause epinephrine to be released into the bloodstream, which causes an increase in heart rate, muscle strength, blood pressure, and sugar metabolism
Can be confused with ePHEDrine Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis
fentaNYL . Fentanyl is a potent opioid analgesic with a high abuse potential, ... In fact, it is the most potent opioid pain reliever available for use in medical treatment. .... for fentanyl or its analogs unless given a specific reason to do so.
Can be confused with SUFentanil Sufentanil is an opioid analgesic that is used as an adjunct in anesthesia, in balanced anesthesia, and as a primary anesthetic agent
glipiZIDE What is glipizide? Glipizide is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels by helping your pancreas produce insulin. Glipizide is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Can be confused with glyBURIDE Glyburide lowers blood sugar by causing the pancreas to produce insulin (a natural substance that is needed to break down sugar in the body) and helping the body use insulin efficiently. This medication will only help lower blood sugar in people whose bodies produce insulin naturally
hydrALAZINE Hydralazine is used with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Hydralazine is called a vasodilator. It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow through the body more easily
Can be confused with hydrOXYzine . Hydroxyzine is used to treat itching caused by allergies. It is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used short-term to treat anxiety or to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery.
HumaLOG Insulin is a hormone that works by lowering levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Humalog is used to improve blood sugar control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus. Humalog is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults.
Can be confused with HumuLIN Humulin R is the brand name of a medicine that contains insulin regular (a short-acting form of insulin). Insulin is a hormone that's produced by the body in the pancreas. It works to lower levels of sugar in the blood. This prescription medicine is injected to improve blood sugar control in adults with diabetes.
niCARdipine Nicardipine is a calcium channel blocker that relaxes (widens) your blood vessels, which makes it easier for the heart to pump and reduces its workload. Nicardipine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina (chest pain). Nicardipine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide
Can be confused with NIFEdipine Nifedipine is in a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles of your heart and blood vessels. Nifedipine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina (chest pain)
prednisoLONE It is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood problems, immune system disorders, skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, cancer, and severe allergies. It decreases your immune system's response to various diseases to reduce symptoms such as pain, swelling and allergic-type reactions
Can be confused with prednisone It also suppresses the immune system. Prednisone is used as an anti-inflammatory or an immunosuppressant medication. Prednisone treats many different conditions such as allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorders
TOLAZamide . Tolazamide is used along with diet and exercise, and sometimes with other medications, to treat type 2 diabetes (condition in which the body does not use insulin normally and, therefore, cannot control the amount of sugar in the blood). Tolazamide is in a class of medications called sulfonylureas
Can be confused with TOLBUTamide Tolbutamide causes the pancreas to produce insulin and increases your body's response to it. Tolbutamide is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Tolbutamide is not for treating type 1 diabetes
vinBLAStine . Vinblastine, sold under the brand name Velban among others, is a chemotherapy medication, typically used with other medications, to treat a number of types of cancer. This includes Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-small cell lung cancer, bladder cancer, brain cancer, melanoma, and testicular cancer.
Canonical brands: Velban
Can be confused with vinCRIStine Vincristine is a chemotherapy drug that belongs to a group of drugs called vinca alkaloids. Vincristine works by stopping the cancer cells from separating into 2 new cells. So, it stops the growth of the cancer.
Regarding Medications listed on the Official "Do Not Use" List from JC
1 Applies to all orders and all medication-related documentation that is
handwritten (including free-text computer entry) or on pre-printed forms.
*Exception: A "trailing zero" may be used only where required to demonstrate
the level of precision of the value being reported, such as for laboratory results,
imaging studies that report size of lesions, or catheter/tube sizes. It may not be
used in medication orders or other medication-related documentation.
these applications transmit physician orders to the appropriate clinical service units electronically.
Do Not Use: U, u (unit)
Potential Problem Mistaken for "0" (zero), the number "4" (four) or "cc"
Use Instead Write "unit"
Do Not Use:IU (International Unit)
Potential Problem:Mistaken for IV (intravenous) or the number 10 (ten)
Use Instead:Write "International Unit"
Do Not Use: Q.D., QD, q.d., qd (daily) Q.O.D., QOD, q.o.d, qod (every other day)
Potential Problem:Mistaken for each other Period after the Q mistaken for "I" and the "O" mistaken for "I
Use Instead: Write "daily" or/and Write "every other day"
Do Not Use:Trailing zero (X.0 mg)* Lack of leading zero (.X mg)
Potential Problem:Decimal point is missed
Use Instead:Write X mg Write 0.X mg
Do Not Use:MS, MSO4 and MgSO4
Confused for one another, can mean morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate
Write "morphine sulfate" or "magnesium sulfate"
Development of the "Do Not Use" List
In 2001, The Joint Commission issued a Sentinel Event Alert on the subject of medical abbreviations. A year later, its Board of Commissioners approved a National Patient Safety Goal requiring accredited organizations to develop and implement a list of abbreviations not to use. In 2004, The Joint Commission created its "Do Not Use" List to meet that goal. In 2010, NPSG.02.02.01 was integrated into the Information Management standards as elements of performance 2 and 3 under IM.02.02.01.
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