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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. a
  3. d
  1. a When resistance to extinction is high it means that:
    a. responding will continue for a long time after reinforcement is discontinued
    b. responding will taper off quickly when reinforcement is discontinued
    c. responding will fail to show spontaneous recovery following a period of extinction
    d. shaping was done incorrectly when the initial response was acquired
  2. b The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  3. c Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  2. Pavlov found that meat powder placed on a dog's tongue will make the dog salivate. In Pavlov's terms, the meat powder is:
    a. an unconditioned stimulus
    b. an unconditioned response
    c. a conditioned stimulus
    d. a conditioned response
  3. Classical conditioning could account for how a child learns to:
    a. sing a song
    b. tie shoe laces
    c. print letters
    d. fear the dark
  4. Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  5. the process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning

5 True/False questions

  1. dShaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule

          

  2. cLearning to tie one's shoes is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. operant conditioning
    b. reflexive conditioning
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. classical conditioning

          

  3. aOperant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus

          

  4. cThe initial stage of learning a response is called:
    a. extinction
    b. contiguity
    c. acquisition
    d. conditioning

          

  5. bWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance