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5 Written questions

2 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. a
  1. a Primary reinforcers __________, while secondary reinforcers __________.
    a. depend on learning; satisfy biological needs
    b. satisfy biological needs; depend on learning
    c. are associated with classical conditioning; are associated with operant conditioning
    d. are associated with operant conditioning; are associated with classical conditioning
  2. b Pavlov found that meat powder placed on a dog's tongue will make the dog salivate. In Pavlov's terms, the meat powder is:
    a. an unconditioned stimulus
    b. an unconditioned response
    c. a conditioned stimulus
    d. a conditioned response

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder
  2. Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  3. The technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping
  4. In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response
  5. When advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning

5 True/False questions

  1. cIn Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder

          

  2. bLearning to ride a bicycle is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. shaping
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. innate stimulus release

          

  3. cIn Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder

          

  4. cAfter owning a car with a manual transmission, Don buys a car with an automatic transmission. when first driving his new car, he keeps reaching for the nonexistent clutch and gear shift. This is a n example of:
    a. acquisition
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. shaping

          

  5. dClassical conditioning could account for how a child learns to:
    a. sing a song
    b. tie shoe laces
    c. print letters
    d. fear the dark