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5 Written questions

2 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. d
  1. a Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio
  2. b Classical conditioning could account for how a child learns to:
    a. sing a song
    b. tie shoe laces
    c. print letters
    d. fear the dark

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement:
    a. the faster conditioning proceeds
    b. the more effective the reinforcer becomes
    c. the more slowly conditioning proceeds
    d. the more likely it is that stimulus generalization will occur
  2. the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  3. You are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  4. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus
  5. If a dog salivates to a blue light and not to a yellow light, the dog is showing evidence of:
    a. spontaneous recovery
    b. conditioned emotional reactions
    c. stimulus generalization
    d. stimulus discrimination

5 True/False questions

  1. athe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning

          

  2. dThe technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping

          

  3. bthe process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning

          

  4. aThe major difference between a CS and a UCS is:
    a. the order in which they are presented
    b. that one reliably elicits the response of interest prior to conditioning while the other does not
    c. that during conditioning the response to one increases while the response to the other decreases
    d. the strength of the response that each stimulus elicits

          

  5. cThe initial stage of learning a response is called:
    a. extinction
    b. contiguity
    c. acquisition
    d. conditioning

          

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