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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  1. a In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the:
    a. conditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned stimulus
    c. unconditioned reinforcer
    d. conditioned reinforcer
  2. b Simon cringes every time he hears a dentists's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, cringing in the waiting room is:
    a. an unconditioned response
    b. a conditioned stimulus
    c. a conditioned response
    d. an unconditioned stimulus
  3. c When advertisers pair their products with attractive people or enjoyable surroundings, in the hope that the pairings will cause their products to evoke good feelings, they are using principles derived from:
    a. classical conditioning
    b. instrumental conditioning
    c. observational learning
    d. operant conditioning

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response
  2. In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was:
    a. the sound of a tone
    b. salivation elicited by a tone
    c. the presentation of meat powder following a tone
    d. salivation elicited by meat powder
  3. The major difference between a CS and a UCS is:
    a. the order in which they are presented
    b. that one reliably elicits the response of interest prior to conditioning while the other does not
    c. that during conditioning the response to one increases while the response to the other decreases
    d. the strength of the response that each stimulus elicits
  4. Pavlov found that meat powder placed on a dog's tongue will make the dog salivate. In Pavlov's terms, the meat powder is:
    a. an unconditioned stimulus
    b. an unconditioned response
    c. a conditioned stimulus
    d. a conditioned response
  5. You are watching a rat pressing a lever in a Skinner box to obtain food pellets. The rat is pressing the lever at a very high rate, and does not stop, even when a food pellet is delivered. In this example, the reinforcement schedule that is in place is most likely:
    a. a fixed-interval schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a fixed-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule

5 True/False questions

  1. aOperant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus


  2. cIn a variable-ratio schedule, the reinforcer is given:
    a. after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses
    b. after a variable number of nonreinforced responses
    c. for the first response that occurs after a fixed amount of time has elapsed
    d. for the first response that occurs after a variable amount of time has elapsed


  3. aClassical conditioning could account for how a child learns to:
    a. sing a song
    b. tie shoe laces
    c. print letters
    d. fear the dark


  4. bWhen Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. today she is afraid off all birds, including robins, pigeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of:
    a. instinctive drift
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. negative avoidance


  5. dIf a dog salivates to a blue light and not to a yellow light, the dog is showing evidence of:
    a. spontaneous recovery
    b. conditioned emotional reactions
    c. stimulus generalization
    d. stimulus discrimination