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5 Written questions

3 Matching questions

  1. b
  2. d
  3. c
  1. a the newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule
  2. b the process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called:
    a. stimulus discrimination
    b. selection
    c. shaping
    d. step-wise conditioning
  3. c Holly was dancing with her new boyfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with you" her boyfriend gave her a long, passionate kiss, which Holly found very enjoyable. Now Holly finds that every time she hears "Can't Help Falling Love with You" on the radio, she becomes a little flushed. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is:
    a. the long , passionate kiss
    b. the song "Can't Help Falling in Love with You"
    c. the enjoyment she experienced after the kiss from her boyfriend
    d. the flushing she experiences when she hears the song on the radio

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. __________ means treating two stimuli alike; __________ means treating two stimuli differently.
    a. Acquisition; extinction
    b. Generalization; discrimination
    c. Extinction; acquisition
    d. Discrimination; generalization
  2. Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a fixed-interval schedule
    c. a variable-ratio schedule
    d. a variable-interval schedule
  3. After owning a car with a manual transmission, Don buys a car with an automatic transmission. when first driving his new car, he keeps reaching for the nonexistent clutch and gear shift. This is a n example of:
    a. acquisition
    b. stimulus generalization
    c. stimulus discrimination
    d. shaping
  4. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which:
    a. responses come to be controlled by their consequences
    b. an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others' behavior
    c. involuntary responses are slowly replaced by voluntary responses
    d. a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to elicit a response that was originally elicited by another stimulus
  5. The major difference between a CS and a UCS is:
    a. the order in which they are presented
    b. that one reliably elicits the response of interest prior to conditioning while the other does not
    c. that during conditioning the response to one increases while the response to the other decreases
    d. the strength of the response that each stimulus elicits

5 True/False questions

  1. bthe newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. people who are watching for the lottery numbers, will have their "watching" reinforced on:
    a. a fixed-ratio schedule
    b. a variable-ratio schedule
    c. a variable-interval schedule
    d. a fixed-interval schedule

          

  2. dIf a dog salivates to a blue light and not to a yellow light, the dog is showing evidence of:
    a. spontaneous recovery
    b. conditioned emotional reactions
    c. stimulus generalization
    d. stimulus discrimination

          

  3. aIn classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the:
    a. unconditioned stimulus
    b. unconditioned response
    c. conditioned stimulus
    d. conditioned response

          

  4. cLearning to tie one's shoes is most likely acquired via the process of:
    a. operant conditioning
    b. reflexive conditioning
    c. spontaneous recovery
    d. classical conditioning

          

  5. dThe technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping-pong, is:
    a. respondent conditioning
    b. continuous reinforcement
    c. programming
    d. shaping