Upgrade to remove ads
POLISCI 140 MIDTERM #1
Terms in this set (34)
key concepts in IR
*1.* states (and non-state actors); *2.* sovereignty; *3.* levels of analysis; *4.* collective action problems; *5.* GDP; *6.* North-South gap.
"why" (and "how" or "when" questions.
hypothesis testing example
*H:* oil-rich countries are unlikely to be democracies.
next step: *why?* concentration of wealth; bribery; and no international pressure.
how to *study*: cases, statistics (democracy index score).
a territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population.
nations without states
IGOs; NGOs; and MNCs.
intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)
organizations with members that are *national governments.*
examples: United Nations, NATO, Arab League.
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
members are *individuals and groups.*
examples: Amnesty International, Lions Club, Red Cross.
multinational corporations (MNCs)
members are *companies that span borders.*
examples: ExxonMobil, Toyota, Walmart.
value of all goods and services produced in a given year in a given country.
perhaps a more accurate measure of wealth is *GDP/capita.*
why do we care about GDP?
a measure of real/latent (hidden, obscured) power.
refers to disparity in income and wealth between the North (Europe, North America, East Asia) and the South (Asia, Latin America, Africa, Middle East).
also a disparity in population (South is 80% of world population with 45% of total GDP).
how did the North-South gap come to exist?
*1.* timing of industrialization; *2.* colonialism; *3.* institutional development (or lack thereof).
Peace of Westphalia
seen as *key date in establishment of state sovereignty* as main organizing principle in IR.
1648; ended Thirty Years' War which *broke power* of Holy Roman Empire; reinforced previous treaties guaranteeing states' *sovereign right of religious practices.*
idea that states may do as they wish within their own territorial borders.
*not* a legal right, *nor* written international law - a norm.
in practice, may just apply to *powerful states.*
when may it be okay to violate sovereignty?
collective security issues; genocide; and other serious human rights violations.
who decides when to violate sovereignty?
the UN, perhaps.
or the strong states/strongest state.
what is the purpose of levels of analysis?
IR operates in a multi-causal world.
each cause can be equally important.
individual level of analysis
great person theories; accidents of history; decision-making analyses.
state/unit level of analysis
domestic politics (interest groups, institutions).
examples: democratic peace; public opinion; social movements.
system level of analysis
global/process structure; distribution of power.
example: North-South gap; balance of power.
levels of analysis example
*what caused world war i?
system level: balance of power in the international system (alliances).
state/unit level: regime type (democracy). France and UK were democracies; Russia and Austria-Hungarian Empire were dictatorships.
individual level: Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.
provision of public goods through collaboration of two or more actors (individuals, groups, states).
goods that are "non-excludable" and "non-rival."
non-excludable: individuals cannot be excluded from use.
non-rival: your use doesn't reduce someone else's use.
examples: clean air, national defense.
free rider problem
one can't be prevented from using a public good, even if one doesn't contribute to production.
leads to *underproduction* of the good.
two "games" in collective action problems
prisoner's dilemma and battle of the sexes
a *cooperation* game.
problem: policies that make a group better off, but cooperation doesn't happen because of concerns about trust, cheating, etc.
examples: nuclear disarmament, free trade.
battle of the sexes
a *coordination* game.
problem: desire to harmonize policies/behavior, but conflict
over change and/or choice of solution.
examples: driving on left or right, wireless phone standards.
solutions to prisoner's dilemma
*1.* power/hegemony ("gunboat diplomacy," which is blatant displays of military power); *2.* international institutions (WTO); *3.* repeat play ("tit for tat").
solutions to battle of the sexes
*1.* power/hegemony (first-mover advantage); *2.* international institutions (Basel committee); *3.* norms/beliefs.
what didn't prevent wwi?
globalization, despite Keynes's predictions.
first global war; created generation of political leaders with strident (critical?) views of war; shifted European political landscape away from empires; brought US into European politics.
causes of wwi
*1.* cult of the offensive (ex: German Schlieffen Plan); *2.* alliances and belief in bandwagoning; *3.* empires/colonies transformed European conflict into global war.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
EXAM 1 - MULTIPLE CHOICE
EXAM 1 CHEM
IR Chapter 4: Foreign Policy
Chapter 12 Human Rights
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Abnormal psychology exam 2
Abnormal Psychology exam 1
Openstax Psychology Chapter 11
Module 1 Practice Questions
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Macromo Acids Quiz
Ch. 14 Test
CL Chapter 8 Key Issue 2