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Nutrition Chapter 15- Eating Disorders
Terms in this set (54)
Which of the following are physical effects of binge-eating disorder?
High blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes
True or false: A person with bulimia displays episodes of self-starvation and excessive weight loss.
What is the primary goal of psychotherapy for a person with bulimia?
To improve-self acceptance
Which eating disorder is characterized by a psychological loss or denial of appetite, followed by self-starvation, related in part to a distorted body image and to various social pressure?
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by
repeated episodes of binge-eating followed by compensatory behaviors to rid the body of excess calories
What is the term for an eating disorder characterized by recurrent overeating and feelings of loss of control when eating, which has lasted at least six months?
True or false: eating disorders most frequently affect women.
Eating disorders tend to arise during which stage in life?
Severe alterations in eating patterns (binge-eating, food restriction, purging, and fluctuations in weight) linked to physiological changes describes which of the following?
A) binge-eating disorder; B) anorexia nervosa; C) bulimia nervosa
A) recurrent episodes of binge eating characterized by a feeling of loss of control; B) extreme restriction of energy intake; irrational fear of weight gain; C) episodes of bingeing followed by purging
Which of the following are traits that are likely to be displayed by a person with anorexia nervosa?
Obedient, meticulous, competitive
Restoring body weight to a healthy range is the first goal of
Which of the following are typical roles of the registered dietitian in the treatment of anorexia nervosa?
Teaching the patient to respond to natural hunger and satiety cues, providing accurate nutrition information
Which of the following strategies help a person with anorexia heal?
teaching coping strategies to help resolve psychological conflict, educating the patient on the medical complications associated with anorexia, helping a patient reject the desire to maintain an emaciated body shape
True or false: people caring for young adults can help prevent the development of eating disorders by teaching the basics of proper nutrition and encouraging regular physical activity, among other things
True or false: Dietitians, psychologists, and experienced physicians all play a vital role in the treatment of a person with anorexia nervosa
What are some reasons why a person with anorexia might need to be hospitalized rather than treated as an outpatient?
when the person experiences acute medical problems, when the person is a potential suicide risk, when the person falls below 75% of expected body weight
A person receiving nutrition therapy for anorexia nervosa should expect to gain at least ________ pounds per week
when a severely malnourished patient first receives nutrition support, it is critically important to monitor
as part of treatment for anorexia nervosa, calcium and vitamin D supplements
help to prevent further bone loss
the preferred method of psychological treatment for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa is
which type of therapy is defined as the psychological therapy in which the person's assumptions about dieting, body weight, and related issues are confronted? During this process, new ways are explored and then practiced by the person.
cognitive behavior therapy
what is the first treatment of choice for anorexia nervosa?
which of the following are examples of minerals that must be monitored in the blood during the process of refeeding a severely malnourished patient?
phosphorus, magnesium, potassium
as many as _________ of people with anorexia nervosa eventually die from the disease through suicide, heart ailments, and infections
which two factors are the most important predictors of success in treatment for eating disorders?
early intervention and long-term follow up
which of the following drugs is approved for treatment of anorexia nervosa?
no drugs are currently approved
early intervention ________ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder
stealing, increased sexual activity, drug and alcohol abuse, and self-mutilation are impulsive behaviors frequently displayed by people with the eating disorder ________ nervosa
choose symptoms of bulimia exhibited by the woman in the story "Thoughts of a Bulimic Woman."
hiding eating and purging from family & obsession with food
True or false: The number of cases of people with binge-eating disorder is equal to the number of cases of people with anorexia and bulimia.
True or false: One of the criteria for diagnosis of binge-eating disorder is BMI>30
People with binge-eating disorder typically do not experience much success with traditional weight-loss programs because
psychological issues that trigger binge-eating are not addressed
Identify the personality traits exemplified by the girl in the story "Reflections from a Woman with Anorexia Nervosa" that are common among people with anorexia nervosa.
perfectionist, rigid adherence to self-imposed rules, obsessive about exercise
Eating a lot of food in the late evening and nocturnal awakenings with ingestion of food is known as
night eating syndrome
When individuals with so-called "diabulimia" skip doses of insulin, their goal is to
avoid weight gain
Individuals with orthorexia are obsessed with
Which behaviors may be considered "diabulima?"
skipping doses of insulin to induce weight loss & using large doses of insulin to compensate for hyperglycemia resulting from binge eating
When participating in appearance-based sports are most at risk for developing the ________ __________ _________, which is characterized by disordered eating, lack of menstrual periods, and osteoporosis
female athlete triad
The ________ __________ __________ is most commonly found in athletes who participate in swimming, gymnastics, and varsity sports that have a focus on appearance
female athlete triad
True or false: disordered eating does not typically affect a person's bone mass.
Reducing training time by 10-20%, establishing regular menstrual periods, and increasing snacks and meals to an appropriate amount are all treatment goals for
female athlete triad
men and women with muscle dysmorphia
perceive themselves as being too thin & rely on strict diet and exercise regiments to build muscle mass
What are some effects of hormonal changes and nutrient deficiencies that are brought on by semi-starvation?
low body temperature, slow heart rate, bone less
A) Bulimia nervosa; B) Anorexia nervosa
A) recognizes their behavior as abnormal; B) turns away from food when faced with problems
What are some external influences that affect body image?
television, magazine pictures, movies
What are some characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Irrational fear of weight gain, distorted body image, extreme weight loss
Show the progression from ordered to disordered eating. Place the following in the correct order (from beginning to end).
1) attention to hunger and satiety; 2) disordered eating begins as weight loss is attempted; 3) clinically evident eating disorder recognized
True or false: Men are just as likely as women are to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa
Which factors are associated with increased risk of eating disorders among men? Select the two best answers.
participation in sports that require weight restrictions & homosexuality
What are some common stresses of adolescence that may trigger an eating disorder?
desire for peer acceptance, desire for independence, social tensions
Stunting of growth (failure to grow in height) and delayed sexual maturation are signs of __________ __________ in children and adolescents even if weight loss is not apparent.
True or false: social tensions, peer acceptances, and a desire for independence are all factors that influence the development of anorexia nervosa
A young man who makes himself vomit to purge calories even when he has not engaged in binge eating may be diagnosed with
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