The New West
Terms in this set (26)
Battle of Wounded Knee
The massacre by U.S. soldiers of 300 Native Americans who were preparing to surrender in South Dakota, in 1890.
the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas.
A law, enacted in 1887 that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners.
African Americans who moved from post-Reconstruction South to Kansas.
groups of farmers, or those in sympathy with farming issues, who sent lecturers from town to town to educate people about agricultural and rural issues
A social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to lower railroad rates and boost farm prices.
Flat land located in parts of 10 states of the United States (Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico)
An act in 1862 that gave an area of public land in the West (usually 160 acres) granted to any U.S. citizen willing to settle on and farm the land for at least five years.
Refers to the transport of cattle by the cowboy over the three month period. Cowhands had to be wary of stampedes and grass fires. The moving of cattle over trails to a Cowtown where they could be shipped East.
range-land where cattle roam freely regardless of land ownership
a late 19th-century political movement demanding that free silver, limits on immigrations, lower railroad rates, increase farm prices, an 8 hour workday, and income tax.
Successor to the log cabin during frontier settlement. Since the prairie lacked wood and stone the home was built of blocks of turf.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
The treaty required Native Americans to keep to a limited area and in return, they would receive money, domestic animals, agricultural tools, and other goods. This land would be theirs forever.
Railroad connecting the West and East coasts of the continental U.S., built mainly by immigrants from China and Ireland. This made supplies, mail, and people travel quicker and cheaper.
Central Pacific Railroad
A railroad that started in Sacramento, California, and connected with the Union Pacific Railroad in Promentary Point, Utah.
Union Pacific Railroad
A railroad that started in Omaha, Nebraska, and it connected with the Central Pacific Railroad in Promentary Point, Utah
site of the ceremony of the golden spike when the first Transcontinental Railroad was completed; Union Pacific and Central Pacific from the East and the West met here
Indian tribe led by Chief Joseph; ordered onto a reservation in Idaho in 1877, they fled instead hoping to reach Canada. Many died along the way due to disease and starvation so Chief Joseph surrendered.
Used to fence in land on the Great Plains, eventually leading to the end of the open frontier.
Invented by John Deere and was strong enough to cut through the tough prairie sod of the Midwest and the Plains.
Custer's Last Stand
a battle in which 2 Indian tribes led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeated General George Armstrong Custer and all his men.
1864 massacre, where Colonel John Chivington and his militia slaughtered more than 200 Cheyenne men, women, and children, who were trying to surrender
Susette La Flesche
Daughter of an Omaha chief, she wrote and spoke about the destruction of Native American culture. Her writings and speeches inspired others to help Indians.
Helen Hunt Jackson
A writer. Author of the 1881 book A Century of Dishonor. The book exposed the U.S. governments many broken promises to the Native Americans. For example the government wanted Native Americans to assimilate, i.e. give up their beliefs and ways of life, that way to become part of the white culture.
A ritual the Sioux performed to bring back the buffalo and return the Native American tribes to their land.
Ritual of the Lakota and other tribes of the North American Plains that celebrates the new year and prepares the tribe for the annual buffalo hunt; performed in the late spring or early summer in a specially constructed lodge.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Marking Period 4 Exam Review