24 terms

Theology

Midterm Exam terms
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Terms in this set (...)

Soteriology
this word came from Classical Greek " soteria ", " Deliverance "& it means: Study of the doctrine of salvation, which discusses how the death of Jesus secures the salvation of the ones who believe.
Table Fellowship
Table Fellowship - This concept defines the practice of eating with a group of people. In context, it is eating with those whom are not just friends and family, but also with the sickly and sinners alike. This was the concept that Jesus was there not for those who potentially were already righteous, but instead there for the outcast and unclean.
, the way jesus connected to the poorest of the Jewish population
Christology
the Christology - The word 'christology' comes from two Greek words defining 'Christ / Messiah' and 'word' meaning the 'study of Christ'. It is the area studying Christian theology which is mainly concerned with the nature of Jesus as described in the Gospels and the New Testament. It considers the relationship of Jesus' nature and the person with the nature and person of God the Father. This study tries to understand Jesus' teachings, actions and religious guidance as he was a person and also evaluates his role in salvation. Christology includes the Apostolic Age and studies Paul the Apostle. The central theme of Christology is understanding the time of worship before Christ. The Jesus of Nazareth was a figure from the beginning of Christian preaching and his preachings were in the four biographical narratives of the gospels. He replaced the Torah by revealing that God exists through his words and deeds and death and resurrection. Over the time periods, this image of Jesus takes many faces from 'Christ' as the Messiah to Jesus Christ.
, Any teaching about the nature of Christ
Ontology
How we reflect our selfs upon Jesus, Proclaiming and bringing about the good news of salvation, which is the kingdom of God. We reflect our upon the being or person who in fact meditates this salvation.
Eschatology Definition
Eschatology literally means the "study of the last things" that is, the study of history's ultimate future. (Mueller 108).
Kenosis
The word "kenosis" comes from the Greek word kenoo which means "emptied". Jesus empties his divine self and takes the lowly form of a human in order to humble himself and become obedient to the point of his death on the cross.
Transcendence
Divine transcendence is the full embodiment of creation through, in, and by Jesus. He is in everything, through everything, and by Him all things were created and all held together while at the same time, He walked the Earth as a man. He is responsible for all creation.
Logos
Logos: from the Greek word for word describing Jesus as the Word of God. It derives originally at the beginning of the Book of John.
Kingdom of God
In Mark's Gospel, it is proclaimed that, "the time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; repent, and believe in the good news." This line from Mark 1:15 demonstrates an important part of Jesus' ministry. Jesus held the idea that Israel was meant for fulfillment, and therefore, because the kingdom of God has arrived, this time has finally been reached. God posseses a divine plan in bringing about salvation, right now and in the future. It speaks not of the past, but simply of a divine plan for the healing and liberation of all people, both in present and future. Or, referred to in written theology as 'already and not yet.'

Jesus is instructing those who have faith in and trust God to believe that indeed the good news is upon them. Repentance, for Jesus, meant changing one's entire worldview. He is bringing about a revolutionary large scale change in popular belief, lifestyle, and customs - deeply rooted in strong faith in the master plan at hand. Jesus never formally defines the kingdom of God. It is, more or less, an intangible idea akin to love or beauty. It is also present in taking action and by following Jesus' teachings of establishing peace and justice, well-being and salvation for all humanity.
already, and not yet
This term is from the Proclamation of the Kingdom of God, a term that theologians like to use when refering to salvation in the present and now. The proclamation wants us to understand two aspects; Jesus's stories and his character, his actions and his missions. Next, the coming of the kingdom of God and his demands for a decision, his reaction and the conversations that were placed. According to the Proclamation, "'The kingdom of God has come near.'God's rule is overtaking human history in an unprecedented way to bring about final healting and liberation, that is, salvation".
Shema
* Definition of Shema: it is the prayer recited by practicing Jews on a daily basis, in the morning & evening prayers, which expresses their faith & love of God. For example " Shima yis'ra'eil adonai eloheinu adonai echad", which means: " Hear, Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one", and it is the first word of Deuteronomy 6:4
Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed (325 CE) is a statement with in the Christain faith that states, "We beileve in one God, the Father, the almighty,maker of heaven and earth of all things seen and unseen". According to our book, Theological Foundations, JJ. Mueller, SJ pg. 37, Nicene Creed simply explains that Christains accept the Lord as their creater, their savior, and unidentifiable. Meaning: the Lord has the ability to restore humanity withoutfull explanaition (it's a mystery). Yet, the Lord does not take advantage of his/her power as a 'cosmic tyrant'.
Theopoiesis Definition
Theopoiesis is a Greek term meaning, to be "made God". It is not to be taken in the sense that human beings become God as such, for only God is God by nature. Rather, the idea is that human beings might,through invitation and cooperation with grace, " participate" in Gods nature, i.e, might become more and more like God in whose image and likeness they are made; might live more deeply into the infinite mystery through the ongoing practice of the faith (Mueller, 41) .

Basically that God is seen as such a powerful, positive and perfect creature that through faith and the practive of religion there is a desire to almost become like him, but never be him because that is impossible but simply mimmic his positive characteristics .
Hellenization & Apocalyptic
Hellenization - The forced teaching and assimilation of Jews into greek culture and religion or Hellenism. This was implemented through both gymnasiums and forced methods such as banning the Torah and desecrating the Temple with a pig sacrifice and a statue of Zeus.

Apocalyptic - A form of literature that "revealed" how God will ultimately be victorious over evil and establish his kingdom forever. This provided hope during the times of persecution.
Messiah, D, P
The Messiah (or Meshiah) in Hebrew is described as the 'anointed one'. When kings ascended to the throne of Israel, they were considered to be anointed. The concept of a Messiah characterizes a major difference betwen Christianity and Judaism, in that Christians believe Jesus was the Messiah, and therefore, has already come, as 'Son of David, the Son of Abraham.' Jews, however, believe that the Messiah has yet to come and are still awaiting its arrival. In fact, Christ was not Jesus' actual last name, but instead the Greek translation of Messiah.

Deuteronomist (one of four primary sources that the JEDP hypothesis argues the Pentateuch is based upon) comes from deuteronomy, which translates to 'second law'. It encompasses issues relating to Israel's law code and the importance of a relationship with Yahweh. It is considered by most scholars to be the heart of the Pentateuch.

Priestly, the final of the four sources, emphasizes God's holiness,the importance of worship, the sacrificial system, times, seasons, and genealogies.
Pentateuch & Hanukkah
Pentateuch - the first five books for the theological foundation of the Bible from Genesis to Deuteronomy. The word comes from Greek origins where penta means five, and teuchos means scrolls. These books are also refered to as te "Five Books of Moses''.Moses is credited for the authoship of the Pentateuch, however later chapters are discovered to have been written by other authors. These scrolls make up for the first three divisions of the Jewish canon. The word is traced back to the Tertullian time of 200A.D. where they referred to the Bible by that name. It's also known as the Torah which the Hebrews define as the Law. The purpose of the book is to provide God's purpose and plans in a written form. These also explain the history and origination of the sin in the world, God's punishment and his characteristics and relationship with His people.

Hanukkah - is a celebration of historical event of Macabee's defeat of the Greek Syrian army that had taken over the holy land. The Macabees were a group of Jewish fighters organized and led by Mattathias that fought the army and came out victorious. They were able to restore the Holy Temple in Jerusalem and make it pure oncemore.
J, E
J: This refers to the earliest portion of the Torah or Tanak in which God is referred to as Yahweh. It is characterized by a down to earth writing style which gives God human like qualities.

E: Refers to the portion of Tanak where God is refered to as Elohim. In it, God is more transcendent and out of reach, mainly communicating through dreams.
Septuagint/LXX
Septuagint LXX: The 2nd Century BCE translation of the Tanak into Greek. It is abbreviated into the Roman numeral LXX or 70 which 72 scholars translated the work in 72 days and the number was rounded off to 70.
YHWH
The name Yahweh highlights devine transcendence. The phrase "I Am" further describes God's divine reality that cannot be determined by anything other than God. Yahweh also signifies that God is inexpressible. Further, Yahweh signifies that God is present and active in history. Although transcendent, God is "I Am". Translated, it means the Hebrew verb "to be".
kenosis
Kenosis: According to Theopedia, kenosis derives from the Greek word "kenoo" meaning 'emptied' or 'to empty'. It is used in context in Philippian's 2:6-7 stating "Who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men."

Kenotic theology is used to understand the incarnation of the second person of the Trinity in the reference mentioned above. It attempts to clarify the concept of Jesus having both divine and human characteristics. For example, how could God be immortal and die at the same time?

This concept raises more conflicts because in the second form as a human, Jesus is said to have lost his Godly attributes. When in scriptures it is expalined that Christ 'emptied' himself or if the question is in reference to kenosis, the answer is clear that the 'emptying' is explained thoroughly. He emptied himself means that while he took the form of a servant, and he is made equal to all other human beings. Christians believe that Jesus did not empty out or give up his divine attributes but they were only hidden. If people believe that kenosis theory states that Jesus is or was less than God, it is considered as heresy.
Theophany
The word theophany means"appearance of god". This refers to a divine self-manifestion that is revealed to a human or another being. A good example of a theophany is God taking the form as a burning bush and revealing himself to Moses in the book of Exodus.
Aseity
God is made up from himself only. He does not depend on others, we depend on God for his very being. God embodies every one of us and all living creatures on this earth. Trying to describe God is not easy, no one can actually describe God's form and his abilities the only way we can described God is by his powerful acts. In order for God to work his miracles you must have a strong relationship.
Theosis
Theosis refers to redemptive "participation" in divine life. It is made possible by the union of of God to humanity, and in turn, humanity to God. The two must simultaneously occur. That is, the divine life cannot be reached without complete selfless humanity to God. In order to reach this divine state, you must give yourself to God, in the way He has given himself to each one of us. It is only then that you, as a mortal being created by God, are allowed a chance at salvation. Jesus Christ to date is the only one known to have achieved this state, in becoming the 'fullest realization of human existence in the image and likeness of God.' He has become the standard for which all human life is judged.
Definition of Theology
Theology: stemming from the Greek term theologia, is the field of study which pursues the logical and systematic study of God, the divine and religious concepts.