In Mark's Gospel, it is proclaimed that, "the time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; repent, and believe in the good news." This line from Mark 1:15 demonstrates an important part of Jesus' ministry. Jesus held the idea that Israel was meant for fulfillment, and therefore, because the kingdom of God has arrived, this time has finally been reached. God posseses a divine plan in bringing about salvation, right now and in the future. It speaks not of the past, but simply of a divine plan for the healing and liberation of all people, both in present and future. Or, referred to in written theology as 'already and not yet.'
Jesus is instructing those who have faith in and trust God to believe that indeed the good news is upon them. Repentance, for Jesus, meant changing one's entire worldview. He is bringing about a revolutionary large scale change in popular belief, lifestyle, and customs - deeply rooted in strong faith in the master plan at hand. Jesus never formally defines the kingdom of God. It is, more or less, an intangible idea akin to love or beauty. It is also present in taking action and by following Jesus' teachings of establishing peace and justice, well-being and salvation for all humanity.
Nicene Creed (325 CE) is a statement with in the Christain faith that states, "We beileve in one God, the Father, the almighty,maker of heaven and earth of all things seen and unseen". According to our book, Theological Foundations, JJ. Mueller, SJ pg. 37, Nicene Creed simply explains that Christains accept the Lord as their creater, their savior, and unidentifiable. Meaning: the Lord has the ability to restore humanity withoutfull explanaition (it's a mystery). Yet, the Lord does not take advantage of his/her power as a 'cosmic tyrant'. Theopoiesis is a Greek term meaning, to be "made God". It is not to be taken in the sense that human beings become God as such, for only God is God by nature. Rather, the idea is that human beings might,through invitation and cooperation with grace, " participate" in Gods nature, i.e, might become more and more like God in whose image and likeness they are made; might live more deeply into the infinite mystery through the ongoing practice of the faith (Mueller, 41) .
Basically that God is seen as such a powerful, positive and perfect creature that through faith and the practive of religion there is a desire to almost become like him, but never be him because that is impossible but simply mimmic his positive characteristics .
The Messiah (or Meshiah) in Hebrew is described as the 'anointed one'. When kings ascended to the throne of Israel, they were considered to be anointed. The concept of a Messiah characterizes a major difference betwen Christianity and Judaism, in that Christians believe Jesus was the Messiah, and therefore, has already come, as 'Son of David, the Son of Abraham.' Jews, however, believe that the Messiah has yet to come and are still awaiting its arrival. In fact, Christ was not Jesus' actual last name, but instead the Greek translation of Messiah.
Deuteronomist (one of four primary sources that the JEDP hypothesis argues the Pentateuch is based upon) comes from deuteronomy, which translates to 'second law'. It encompasses issues relating to Israel's law code and the importance of a relationship with Yahweh. It is considered by most scholars to be the heart of the Pentateuch.
Priestly, the final of the four sources, emphasizes God's holiness,the importance of worship, the sacrificial system, times, seasons, and genealogies.
Kenosis: According to Theopedia, kenosis derives from the Greek word "kenoo" meaning 'emptied' or 'to empty'. It is used in context in Philippian's 2:6-7 stating "Who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men."
Kenotic theology is used to understand the incarnation of the second person of the Trinity in the reference mentioned above. It attempts to clarify the concept of Jesus having both divine and human characteristics. For example, how could God be immortal and die at the same time?
This concept raises more conflicts because in the second form as a human, Jesus is said to have lost his Godly attributes. When in scriptures it is expalined that Christ 'emptied' himself or if the question is in reference to kenosis, the answer is clear that the 'emptying' is explained thoroughly. He emptied himself means that while he took the form of a servant, and he is made equal to all other human beings. Christians believe that Jesus did not empty out or give up his divine attributes but they were only hidden. If people believe that kenosis theory states that Jesus is or was less than God, it is considered as heresy.