the auxiliary verb (avoir ou être ) + past participle
negation=aux verb negated
ne + aux verb + pas + pp
if direct object pronoun proceeds verb, must agree in gender and number with direct object
GO=aller, descendre, mourir, sortir, tomber, monter, partir
COME=arriver,naître,venir, devenir, rentrer, retourner, revenir, entrer, rentrer
IN BETWEEN=rester, passer
***must agree in gender and number with subject of verb
conjugated with être in passé composé
pronoun + être (conjugated) + past participle
regular past participles
er --> é
ir --> i
re --> u
nous stem + ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient
--être has stem = ét-
Passé composé vs. Imperfect
What happened? What happened once? What happened next? Then what happened?
What were the conditions at the time? Was the action expressed by the verb a habitual action? Did it occur repeatedly?
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