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10 terms

Vocabulary 121-130

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Rome
a city in Italy near the Mediterranean Sea; it was the capital of the Roman Empire
Etruscans
ancient people who lived north of the Tiber River before Rome was founded; had a major influence on the early history of the Roman Republic
Latin
the language of the Romans
12 Tables
code of written laws created during the Roman Republic
Patricians
the nobility in Roman society
Plebeians
the common people in Roman society
Republic
a political system in which people elect representatives to govern them
Carthage
a key trade center built by the Phoenicians on the northern coast of Africa; it became one of the most powerful cities in the Mediterranean
Julius Caesar
Roman general who was one of the greatest military leaders in history. He conquered most of Gaul and was made dictator for life, but was later murdered by a group of senators
Gaul
an ancient region in Western Europe, consisting mainly of parts of modern France and Belgium