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20 terms

Vocab H Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Adjunct
(n). something added to something else as a helpful or useful but not essential; an assistant or helper; a valuable quality or characteristic; (adj). added or connected in a subordinate capacity; attached to a faculty or staff in an auxiliary capacity SYN: (n). associate, addition, accessory
Bellwether
(n). the male sheep that leads the flock to the slaughterhouse; a leader, as in a desperate or violent undertaking; an indicator of trends SYN: ringleader, initiator, barometer ANT: follower, imitator, emulator
Caterwaul
(v). to howl or screech like a cat; to quarrel (n). a harsh or noisy cry; a racket SYN: (v). whine (n). wail, screech
Chimerical
(adj). absurd; wildly fantastic; impossible SYN: fanciful, visionary, quixotic, pie-in-the-sky ANT: realistic, down-to-earth, practicable
Effete
(adj). lacking in wholesome vigor/energy; worn-out or exhausted; sterile or unable to produce; out-of-date SYN: decadent, enfeebled, outmoded ANT: thriving, burgeoning, vigorous, dynamic
Fait Accompli
(n). an accomplished and presumably irreversible deed, fact, or action SYN: accomplished fact
Hidebound
(adj). narrow-minded and rigid, especially in opinions or prejudices; subbornly and unthinkingly conservative SYN: intolerant, inflexible ANT: open-minded, tolerant, liberal, progressive
Hierarchy
(n). any system of things or people arranged or graded one above another in order of rank, wealth, class, etc. SYN: chain of command, pecking order
Liturgy
(n). a religious service or rite; the form of a ritual or other act of public worship SYN: ceremony, observance
Mirage
(n). something illusory, without substance, or without a basis in reality; an illusion SYN: optical illusion
Morass
(n). a patch of low, soft, wet ground; a swamp; a confusing situation in which one is entrapped, as in quicksand SYN: bog, quagmire ANT: solid ground, bedrock, terra firma
Noisome
(adj). offensive or disgusting; foul-smelling; harmful or injurious SYN: fetid, noxious, vile, loathsome ANT: wholesome, pleasant, sweet-smelling
Oblivious
(adj). forgetful; unaware SYN: insensible ANT: aware, mindful, cognizant, alert
Poltroon
(n). a base coward SYN: craven, dastard, "chicken" ANT: hero, stalwart, gallant
Proselyte
(n). a convert; a disciple SYN: novice, neophyte ANT: master, teacher, guide, guru
Quasi
(adj). resembling but not actually being; seemingly but not actually or completely SYN: kind of, semi-, as if ANT: totally, completely, actually, in fact
Raillery
(n). good-humored ridicule; teasing SYN: banter, persiflage
Ribald
(adj). irreverently mocking; coarse, vulgar, or indecent in language SYN: bawdy, risque ANT: seemly, proper, decorous
Supine
(adj). lying flat on one's back; listless or lethargic; apathetic or passive SYN: prone, prostrate, inert ANT: upright, erect, perpendicular, verticle
Vignette
(n). a short description/sketch; a picture or illustration with edges that gradually shade off; a decorative design on the title page of a book or at the beginning or end of a chapter SYN: thumbnail sketch, anecdote ANT: epic, full-length treatment