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P.A.D. & Arteries Key Definitions
Terms in this set (27)
Blood pressure is defined as ......
The m...... of force that blood flow exerts on the walls of a.......
The measure of force that blood flow exerts on the walls of arteries
Shock is defined as ......
A clinical syndrome, where there is severe inadequate tissue perfusion
Tissue perfusion is defined as ..........
The flow of blood into the tissues
An arterial pulse is defined as .......
A rhythmical expansion of an artery that may be felt with the finger
What 3 things can a pulse tell us?
1. What the heart rate is
2. The state of the circulatory system
3. Whether there is presence of arterial disease or not
Name 5 pulses? & where in the body they are?
1. Cartoid artery - neck
2. Radial artery - wrist
3. Femoral artery - groin
4. Popiliteal artery - knee
5. Posterior tibial artery & dorsalis pedis - foot
Increased blood flow helps to remove.....
Microbial toxins & dead cells from the site of injury or inflammation
Increased permeability of blood vessels allows more .....
Blood to flow through the d...... a... & substances that are normally r........ in the b...., such as c....... f...... & d........ p....... to enter the injured a... from the b....
Blood to flow through the damaged area & substances that are normally retained in the blood, such as clotting factors & defensive proteins, to enter the injured area from the blood
Ischemia is a restriction in b.... supply to t......, causing a shortage of o..... & g...... needed for c....... m......... (to keep tissues alive)
Ischemia is a restriction in BLOOD supply to TISSUES, causing a shortage of OXYGEN & GLUCOSE needed for CELLULAR METABOLISM (to keep tissue alive)
Peripheral Arterial Disease
P.A.D. is a disease in which p..... builds up in the arteries. P..... is made up of f.., c........., c......, f...... tissue, & other substances in the b....
Over time, plaque can h...... & n..... the arteries, which limits the flow of o.....-r... blood to organs & other parts of the body. P.A.D most commonly affects arteries in the l...
P.A.D. is a disease in which PLAQUE builds up in the ARTERIES. PLAQUE is made up of FAT, CHOLESTEROL, CALCIUM, FIBROUS tissue, & other substances in the BLOOD.
Over time, plaque can HARDEN & NARROW the arteries, which limits the flow of OXYGEN-RICH blood to organs & other parts of the body. P.A.D most commonly affects arteries in the LEGS
Exudate is a fluid that is a..........?
Rich in proteins & cellular elements that seeps out of blood vessels during inflammation
What is the main symptom of PAD (peripheral arterial disease)
The main symptom is
in one or both
Ischaemic heart disease is caused by
Narrowing or blocking of the ateries taking blood to the heart & may lead to problems such as angina & heart attacks
Narrowing or blocking of the arteries taking blood to the legs may lead to .....?
Plaque that blocks or narrows the arteries in PAD is also called .......?
Narrowing or blocking of the arteries taking blood to the brain may lead to a ...?
Narrowing or blocking of the arteries taking blood to the heart is called ......... heart disease & may lead to problems such as ....... or blocking........ ...?
Ischaemic heart disease
& may lead to problems such as
The ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) detects for the existance of PAD by assessing if the blood pressure in your
Ankle is much different to that in your arm
When assessing for PAD using the ABPI is it the maximum systolic or diastolic pressure that is taken from both the ankle & the arm?
When assessing for PAD, which artery in the arm is used? & which artery in the ankle?
artery in the arm
& either the
in the ankle (whichever is higher)
Systolic pressure measures blood pressure when the heart ............
Diastolic pressure measures blood pressure when the heart ............
ABPI can tell if ..... but not .......
One or more arteries are blocked but not which arteries are blocked but not which ones are blocked
Myocardinal ischaemia is the ........ of arteries to the heart (& therefore reduction of ..... & ...... to the heart) also known as coronary heart disease
Myocardinal ischaemia is the
of arteries to the heart (& therefore
to the heart), also known as coronary heart disease
A term used to describe the colour of a patient's skin who is not getting enough oxygen
What is the technical term for heart attack?
& what is the conditions abbreviation?
What is the technical term for Stroke?
& what is the conditions abbreviation?
Transient Ischaemic Attack
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